Harry C. PuIKam
Anticipating the present ten-
dency of the American people
toward a healthful method of living
and enjoyment, Spalding's Athletic
1 .ibrary was established in 1892 for
the purpose of encouraging ath-
letics in every form, not only by
publishing the official rules and
records pertaining to the various
pastimes, but also by instructing,
until to-day Spalding's Athletic
Library is unique in its own par-
ticular field and has been conceded
the greatest educational series on
athletic and physical training sub-
jects that has ever been compiled.
The publication of a distinct
series of books devoted to athletic
sports and pastimes and designed
to occupy the premier place in
America in its class was an early
Idea of Mr. A. G. Spalding, who
was one of the first in America
to publish a handbook devoted to
athletic sports, Spalding's Official
Base Ball Guide being the initial
number, which was followed at intervals with other handbooks on the
sports prominent in the '70s.
Spalding's Athletic Library has had the advice and counsel of Mr. A. G.
Spalding in all of its undertakings, and particularly in all books devoted
to the national game. This applies especially to Spalding's Official
Base Ball Guide and Spalding's Official Base Ball Record, both of which
receive the personal attention ^l 7 Mr. A. G. Spalding, owing to his early
connection with the game as the leading pitcher of the champion Boston
and Chicago teams of 1872-76. His interest does not stop, however, with
matters pertaining to base ball; there is not a sport that Mr. Spalding
does not make it his business to become familiar with, and that the
Library will always maintain its premier place, with Mr. Spalding's able
counsel at hand, goes without saying.
The entire series since the issue of the first number has been under
the direct personal supervision of Mr. James E. Sullivan, President
of the American Sports Publishing Company, and the total series of
consecutive numbers reach an aggregate of considerably over three
hundred, included in which are many "annuals," that really constitute
the history of their particular sport in America year by year, back copies
of which are even now eagerly sought fur, constituting as they do the
really first authentic records of events and official rules that have ever
been consecutively compile. I.
When Spalding's Athletic Library was founded, seventeen years ago,
track ami field athletics were practically unknown outside the larger
colleffeaand a few athletic clubs In the leading cities, which gave occa-
sional meets, when an entry list of 2.">0 competitors was a subject of com-
ment; golf was known only by a comparatively few persons; lawn tennis
had some vogue and base ball was practically the only established field
A. G. Spalding
EDITORS OF SPALDING'S ATHLETIC LIBRARY
sport, and that In a professional way; basket ball had just been invented;
athletics for the schoolboy — and schoolgirl— were almost unknown, and
an advocate of class contests in athletics in the schools could not get a
hearing. To-day we find the greatest body of athletes in the w
the Public Schools Athletic League of Greater New York, which has had
an entry list at its annual games of over two thousand, and in whose
"elementary series" in base ball last year 106 schools competed for the
trophy emblematic of the championship.
While Spalding's Athletic Library cannot claim that the rapid growth
of athletics in this country is due to It solely, the fact cannot be denied
that the books have had a great deal to do with its encouragement, by
printing the official rules and instructions for playing the various games
at a nominal price, within the reach of everyone, with the sole object
that its series might be complete and the one place where a person
could look with absolute certainty for the particular book in which he
might be interested.
In selecting the editors and writers for the various books, the lead-
ing authority in his particular line has been obtained, with the result
that no collection of books on athletic subjects can compare with
Spalding's Athletic Library for the prominence of the various authors
and their ability to present their subjects in a thorough and practical
A short Bketch of a few of those who have edited some of the lead-
ing numbers of Spalding's Athletic Library is given herewith :
JAMES E. SULLIVAN
President American Sports Publishing Com-
pany; entered the publishing house of Frank
Leslie in 1878, and. has been connected continu-
ously with the publishing business since then
and also as athletic editor of various New
York papers; was a competing athlete; one of
the organizers of the Amateur Athletic Union
of the United States; has been actively on its
board of governors Kince its organization until
the present time, and Pre ktari for two suc-
cessive terms; has attended "very champion-
ship meetingin America since 1879 and hMoffielated in some opacity to
connection with American amateur championship*; track and field |
for nearly twenty-live years; assistant Am< < ' iames.
Paris. 1900: director Pan- American Exposition athletic department, 1901;
chief department physical culture i on, St.
Louis, 1904; secretary American Comrnitt- Athens.
19%: honorary director of Athletics at Jamestown Expo secre-
tary American Committee Olyi ! ,
the lastime A.O.. New York: honorary member Missouri A.C.St, Loots;
honorary member Olympic A . • Idenl Pastime
A-C.,New Jersey A. C, Knickerbocker AC; president '
Association of the A. A. U. for fifto
a'.'ili • ! "? ue: with " r - Luther H.GoIlcli oraaniiad the Public :
Atnietic league of New York, and ii now chairman of its games commit-
tee and mem 1- ,. committee; wa playground work
and oneof the organizers of the Outdoor Recreation League of New York ;
appointed by President Roosevelt as special commissioner to the < dympir
yjames at Athens. 190fi. and decorated by King George I of the li
iiiV?S? «w his services in connection with the Olympic Games; ap-
E°.~~ .! P r Scla ! eommuwioner by President Roosevelt to the Olympic
of £.%£!«? ~? S!i 190 2r •PS " 1 *** 1 let lellan. 1908. as member
OI u»e Board of Education of Greater Now York.
EDITORS OF SPALDING'S ATHLETIC LIBRARY
For quarter of a century Mr. Walter Camp
of Yale has occupied a leading position in col-
lege athletics. It is immaterial what organiza-
tion is suggested for college athletics, or for
the betterment of conditions, insofar as college
athletics is concerned, Mr. Camp has always
played an important part in its conferences,
and the great interest in and high plane of
college sport to-day, are undoubtedly due more
to Mr. Camp than to any other individual. Mr.
Camp has probably written more on college
athletics than any other writer and the leading papers and maga-
zines of America are always anxious to secure his expert opinion on foot
ball, track and field athletics, base ball and rowing. Mr. Camp has grown
up with Yale athletics and is a part of Yale's remarkable athletic system.
While he has been designated as the ** Father of Foot Ball," it is a well
known fact that during his college career Mr. Camp was regarded as one
of the best players that ever represented Yale on the base ball field, so
when we hear of WalterCamp as a foot ball expert we must also remem-
ber his remarkable knowledge of the game of base ball, of which he is a
great admirer. Mr. Camp has edited Spalding's Official Foot Ball Guide
since it was first published, and also the Spalding Athletic Library book
on How to Play Foot Ball. There is certainly no man in American college
life better qualified to write for Spalding's Athletic Library than Mr.
DR. LUTHER HALSEY GULICK
The leading exponent of physical training
in America; one who has worked hard to im-
press the value of physical training in tre
schools; when physical training was combined
with education at the St. Louis Exposition in
1904 Dr. Gulick played an important part in
that congress; he received several awards for
his good work and had many honors conferred
upon him; he is the author of a great many
books on the subject; it was Dr. Gulick, who,
acting on the suggestion of James E. Sullivan,
organized the Public Schools Athletic League of Greater New York, and
was its first Secretary; Dr. Gulick was also for several years Director of
Physical Training in the public schools of Greater New York, resigning
the position to assume the Presidency of the Playground Association of
America. Dr. Gulick is an authority on all subjects pertaining to phys-
ical training and the study of the child.
JOHN B. FOSTER
Successor to tho late Henry Chadwick
("Father of Base Ball") as editor of Spald-
ing's Official Bats Ball Guide; sporting editor
of the New York Evening Telegram; has
been in the newspaper business for many
years and is recognized throughout America
as a leading writer on the national game; a
staunch supporter of organized base bail,
hia pen has always been used for the better- 4
ment of the game.
EDITORS OF SPALDING'S ATHLETIC LIBRARY
Base Hall editor of the Boston Globe and
President of Die New England League of
Base Ball *
ball men of the country; known from coast
to coast; is a keen follower of the frame and
prominent in all Ita councils; nearly ball a
century 820 was one of America's foremost
players; knows the pamo thoroughly and
writes from ih.: point of view both of player
and an otlkiul.
HARRY PHILIP BURCHELL
Sporting editor of the New York Times;
graduate of the University of Pennsylvania;
editor of Spalding's Official Lawn Tennis
Annual; is an authority on the game; follows
the movements of the players minutely and
l not only tennis but all other sub-
that can be classed as athletics; no
is better qualified to edit this book than Mr.
GEORGE T. HEPBRON
Former Young Men's Christian Association
director; fur many years an official of the
Athletic league of Young Men's Christian
Associations of North America; was con-
nected with Dr. Lather H. Gulick in V
Men's Christian Association work for i
twelve years; bee lied with basket
ball when it was in its infancy ami has fol-
lowed it since, being recognized as the lead-
ing exponent of the official rules; sue-'
Dr. Gulick as editor of the Official Basket Ball
Guide and also editor of the Spalding Athletic Library book on J i
Play Basket BftXL
JAMES S. MITCHEL
Forrm-r champ .older
of numerous records, and ii tie winner of
in the j Mr. Mitchel is a close
student of athletics and well qualified to write
upon any topic connected with athletic sport;
has been for years on the staff of the New
EDITORS OF STALO/NG'S ATHLETIC LIRRAh'Y
MICHAEL C. MURPHY
The world's most famous athletic trainer:
the champion athletes that he has developed
for brack and field sports, tool ball and base pall
fields, would run into thousands; he became
famous when at Yale University and has
been particularly successful in developing
what might be termed championship teams;
his rare good judgment has placed him in an
enviable position in the athletic world; now
with the University of Pennsylvania ; dur-
ing his career has trained only at two col-
leges and one athletic club, Yale and the
University of Pennsylvania and Detroit Athletic Club; his most recent
triumph was that of training the famous American team of athletes
that swept the held at the Olympic Games of 1908 at London.
DR. C. WARD CRAMPTON
Succeeded Dr. Gulicfe as director of physical
training in the schools of Greater New York:
as secretary of the Public Schools Athletic
League is at the head of the most remarkable
Organization of its kind in the world; is a
practical athlete and gymnast himself, and
has been for years connected with the physi-
cal training system in the schools of Greater
New York, having had charge of the High
School of Commerce.
DR. GEORGE J. FISHER
Has been connected with Y. M. C. A. work
for many years as physical director at Cincin-
nati and Brooklyn, where he made such a high
reputation as organizer that he was chosen to
ted l»r. Luther H. Gulick as Secretary of
the Athletic League of Y. M. C. A.'* of North
America, when the latter resigned to
charge or the physics] training in the Public
Schools of Greater New York.
DR. GEORGE ORTON
On athletics, coll- , particularly
hall, soccer foot ball, and
training of the youth, it would be hard to find
er qualified than Dr. Or ton; has bad
1 1 1 r • 1 1 . cessary athletic experience and the
ability to impart that experience intelligently
to the youth of the land: for years was the
American, British and Canadian champion
EDITORS OF SPALDING'S ATHLETIC I.WRARY
FREDERICK R. TOOMBS
A well known authority on skating-, rowing,
boxing-, racquets, and other athletic sports:
was sporting editor of American Press Asso-
ciation, New York; dramatic editor; is a law-
yer and has served several terms as a member
of Assembly of the legislature of the State of
New York; ha3 written several novels and
R. L. WELCH
A resident of Chicago; the popularity of
indoor base ball is chiefly due to his efforts;
a player himself of no mean ability; a first-
ettH organizer; he has followed the game of
indoor base ball from its inception.
DR. HENRY S. ANDERSON
Has been connected with Yale University
for years and is a recognized authority on
gymnastics; is admitted to be one of the lead-
ing authorities in America on gymnastic sub-
jects; is the author of many books on physical
CHARLES M. DANIELS
Just the man to write an authoritative
book on swimmings; the fastest Rwimmer the
world has ever known; BMtnbex New York
Athletic Club swimming team and an Olym-
pic champion at Athens in 1906 and l-on.jon.
In his book on Swimming. Champion
baniels describes ju.-.t the methods one must
use to become an expert swimmer.
Mr. Itojus is most thoroughly qualified to
write intelligently on all BUD lining
to gymnastics and athletics; m hu day one
of Arneriea's moat famous amateur ail
'!i[.«-ted successfully in gymnastics and
many other sports for the New York Turn
ty years he has 1
inent in beaching; gymnastics and athl-
was i for the famous gymnastic
championship teams of Columbia University;
now with the Jersey City high schools.
EDITORS OF SPALDING'S ATHLETIC LIBRARY
Admitted to be the "Father of Roque;"
one of America's most expert players, win-
ning" the Olympic Championship at St. Louis
in 1904; an ardent supporter of the BUM
and follows it minutely, and much of the
success of roque is due to his untiring effoxi ■;
certainly there is no one better qualified to
write on this subject than Mr. Jacobus
DR. E. B. WARMAN
Well known as a physical training expert;
was probably one of the first to enter the feld
and is the author of many books on the sub-
ject; lectures extensively each year all over
W. J. CROMIE
Now with the University of Pennsylvania;
was formerly a Y. M. C. A. physical director;
a keen student of all gymnastic matters; the
author of many books on subjects pertaining;
to physical training.
G. M. MARTIN
By profession a physical director of the
Young" Men's Christian Association; a close
student of all things gymnastic, and games
for the classes in the gymnasium or clubs.
A leader in the fencing" world ; has main-
tained a fencing school in New York for
years and developed a great many cham-
pions; understands the science of fencing
thoroughly and the benefits to be derived
SPALDING ATHLETIC LIBRARY
Qi Giving the Titles o! all Spalding Athletic Library Books now f~)
V' ^ in print, grouped for ready relerence ■*/
SPALDING OFFICIAL ANNUALS
Group I. Base Ball
No. 1 Spalding's Official Base Ball
No. 202 How to Hay Base Ball.
No. 22:: How to Bat
No. 2:!2 Ik. .v i.j Kim Bases.
i How to Pitch.
No. 229 How to O
No. 225 How to Play First Base.
No. 226 How to Play Second Iia.iL-.
No. 227 How to Play Third Base.
No. 22H How to Play Shortstop.
No. 224 How to P. I Lid.
How to Organize a Ba le Pall
How to Organize a Baea Ball
How to Manage a Base Ball
How toT rain allaseRallTeam
How to ' I EaM Ball
HowtoUmpirea f Sarin-. [ 'IVarn
i Bai a Ball ]
Ready Reckoner of Base Ball
BASK P.M. I. AUXILIARIES
No. IA Official l: old.
No. 320. 'Official BookNatkraalL
of Prof. Pa -,• Pall Clubs.
No. 306 Official Handbook N
• r. ,,, . , Playground Ball Assn.
bed in April, lso».
Croup ii. foot Ball
No. 2 Spalding's Official Foot Ball
No. ?,\r, How to Play Foot Ball.
No. 2a ,rFool
No. 2«(j How to Play Soccer.
Base Ball Cuide
Base Ball Record
Foot Ball Cuide
Soccer Foot Ball Cuide
Lawn Tennis Annual
Ice Hockey Cuide
Basket Ball Cuide
Indoor Base Ball Cuide
Roller Polo Cuide
FOOT BALL AUXILIARY
No. 303 Spalding's Official Canadian
Foot Ball Guide.
Group ill. Cricket
No. :i SpaUHng'BQfficialOrickttGuidt.
No. 277 Crick. I and How to Play It,
-1 Spaldvng's Official Lawn Tvn -
How to Play Lawn Tennis.
No. 279 Strokes and Science of Lawn
Group v. dull
No. 5 Spolding'sOffieialGoU'Ovids,
No. 276 How to Play Coif.
Group VI. Hocken
No. 6 Sinihlinii'sOfficial Ice Hockey
No. 301 How to Play Ice Hockey.
I Ki.l.l llm-key.
'No. 18K- Parlor Hockey.
■ ■■-. Hockey.
No. 180 Ring Hockey.
No. 256 Official Handbook Ontario
Group VII. Basket Ball
No. 7 Spalding's Official Basket Ball
No. 198 ll.,w to Play Basket Ball.
Let Ball Guide for Women.
IKET BALL AUXILIARY
No. 312 Official Collegia'
ANV OF THE ABOVE BOOKS MAILED POSTPAID UPON RECEIPT OF 10 CENTS
SPALDING ATHLETIC LIBRARY
No. 8 Spaldino's Official Bowling
Group IX. '' Indoor Base Ball
No. 9 S i nil d inns O.tlicial Indoor
Base Ball Guide.
croup X. Polo
No. 10 Spalding's Official Roller Polo
No. 129 Water Polo.
No. 199 Equestrian Polo.
Group XI. Miscellaneous Games
No. 201 Lacrosse.
No. 305 Official Handbook U. S. Inter-
collegiate Lacrosse Leagua.
No. 2 IS Archery.
No. 138 Croquet.
No. 271 Roque.
No. 194 ■< Squash-Racquets.
No. 13 Hand Ball.
No. 167 Quoits.
No. 170 Push Ball.
No. 14 Curling.
No. 207 Lawn Bowls.
No. 188 Lawn Games.
No. 189 Children's Games.
Group XII. Nineties
No. 12 Spalding's Official Athletic
All Around Athletics.
How to Sprint.
How to Run 100 Yards.
Distance and Cross Country
How to Become a Weight
Official Sporting Rules. I boys.
Athletic Training for School-
No. 311 Amateur Athletic Union Offi-
cial Handbook. [book.
Intercollegiate Official Hand-
Y. M. C. A. Official Handbook.
Public Schools Athletic
League Official Handbook.
No. 314 Public Schools Athletic
League Official Handbook
No. 316 Intercollegiate Cross Country
No. 308 Official Handbook New York
No. 317 Marathon Running.
No. 177 How to Swim.
Nn. 2'.ni Speed Swimming.
No. 128 Bkvw I" How.
No. 209 How to Become a Skater.
No. ITS How to Train for Bicycling.
No. 23 Canoeing.
No. 282 Roller Skating Guide.
Fencing;. ( By Breck.) ■ '
Fencing. ( By Senac.)
How to Wrestle.
How to Swing Indian Clubs.
: I Bell Exeiv
Indian Clubs and Dumb Bells.
Medicine Ball Exercises.
Pulley Weight Exercises.
How to Punch the Bag. .
Tumbling for Amateurs.
No. 104 Grading of Gymnastic Exer-
No. 214 Graded Calisthenics and
Dumb Bell Drills.
Barajum Bar Bell Drill.
Indoor and Outdoor Gym-
How to Become a Gymnast.
Fancy Dumb Bell and March-
Ten Minutes' Exercise for
Physical Education and Hy-
Scientific Physical Training
and Care of the Body.
Physical Training Simplified.
Hints on Health.
288 Health Answers.
School Tactics and Maze Run-
Health by Muscular Gym-
Indigestion Treated by Gym-
Gel Well: Keep Well.
ANY OF THE ABOVE BOOKS MAILED POSTPAID UPON RECEIPT OF 10 CENTS
SPALDING ATHLETIC LIBRARY
Group I. Base Ball
Base Ball «...|.le.
The lesdinc B*a* 11*11
mual of the country, and
i * official authority of
Urn (jmt. Contain* th*
official play in*- rule*, with
an explanatory index of the
rule* compiled by Mr. A. G.
Spalding-; pictures of all
the teamii in the National,
American and minor league* ; r«-
• of the season; rolleirn Base Hull.
No. 2(12-11 =» to Play Bil*
Editad by Tim Humane. New and
revised edition. Illustrated with pic-
ture*. « how In* how all tha various
curve* and drop* arc thrown and por-
traitaof leading pfayera. Prie* 10 cent*.
No. 22.1— llorv to Bat.
There i* no better way of beeorninc
a proncient batter than by raadinc thia
book and practising the direction*.
Numerous illustration*. I'rica lOcents.
\o. 233— How to Ho* the
Thia book ci»e* clear and eonciaa
diracuona for excelling aa a baac run-
ner; tali* when to run and when not to
do *o; how anrf when to alkie: team
work on the ban a; to fact, every point
of the cam* i* thoroachly explained.
Illustrated. Price 10 cent*.
No. 23i>— Hon to i-ii.i.
Anew, up-to-date bonk lis contents
are the practical teaching of men who
have reached the top aa pitcher*, and
who know how to Impart a knowledge
of their art. All the but leagues'
pitcher* are shown. Price 10 cent*.
No. 220— How to Catch.
Every boy who ha* hopes of being a
cleter eateher should read how well-
known player* coyer their position.
P^tore* of all the noted catcher* In
«kt big league*, price 10 cent.
Ao. 22.1— How to flay Fire I
Illustrated with picture* of alt the
prominent nr*t basemen. Price lOcenta.
Ao.22ft-.How to Play *e<-cnd
Th* Idea* of UmU
V(j -:ir>— Beady Hcckoncr of
Base Ball Percentage*.
To supply a demand for a book which
would show the percent**-? of clubs
figu ring, the publisher* had these tables
compilcd by an expert. Price 10 cent*.
niSK BALL Al tll.l tlUKI.
No. I \ — V|>alillnu'n cirtl.l.il
Base Ball Hroor.l.
Something new In Base Ball. Con-
tains records of all kind* from the be-
Iff lining of the National l-eacuc and
official aversgra of all professional or-
ganization* for past season. 10 cent*.
So. -Ills- *tln..r League Baa*
The minora' own guide. Edited by
President T. H. Humane. *f the New
England League. Price 10 cent*.
No. 320— Official Handbook
of th'- National l.rsiur
Of Pr atonal Baae Ball
Contain -»• Constitution. By Laws
Official Rules, Average*, and schedule
of the National l,rac-j« for the current
year, together with list of club officers
and reports of the annual meettnfs of
the League, price 10 cants.
No. IIOA— Official Handbook
National rl» > ground Ball
This came Is specially sdspted for
playrrounda, parks, etc. Is spread in r
rapidly The book contains ■ descrip-
tion of the e-*me, r» '•* and officer*
Group II. Foot Ball
Editad by Walter Camp.
jContuns th* new rules.
■ with diagram of ft*ld: All-
I America teams a* selected
| by the leading authorities;
view* of the rame from
iriou* tecttons of th*
■ country; scores, pictures.
' Price 10 cent*.
to Play Foot
hsrabeen Incorporated In thi* book
the especial beneflt of boys who want i
to know the fine point* of play at thi* I
aotntof thedkunond. Price 10 cent*.
Third baa* is. In some r**p*ct*. th.
•am* Important of the infield. All the
point* explained. Prtc* 10 cent"
*":'f£2r i *" n *° **•* ■■•■■•-
anorutop Is on* f lh , hardsat poai-
Uoason the Infield to nlLasT qVkk
for a pUrer who esp^-ts io nJkTT-^
aa a .S-.rUtnp. |
No. Nin— ||o
Killed by WsJter Camp, of Yak.
Everything lh»t a beginner wtMts to
know and many point* that an expert
will be glad to team. Snapshot* of
leading teams and player* In action.
wtlh comment* by Waller Camp.
Priot 10 cents,
\., .'T-apaldlnat'e Official
* |filt„i, lurfft !••'.(
A complete snd up-Io-
date guide to the 'Soccer'
Kama in the United States
news fnan all parte of the
..nm*JTf Illustrated IVice 1
10 con U.
Group III. Cricket
The most complete y*ar
book of the cam* thai has
ever been published in
America. Report* of
special matches, official
rules and pictures of sll
the leading teams. Price
By Prince Ranjiuinhji. The cams
describe"! concisely and illustrated with
full-pace pictures posed especially for
thia book. Price lucent*.
l.awn Tennis An
o Play the
An Invaluable fiu!* f,
** to* 8 * 1 r!?. 7 •» '/'-'-i «»w
"> S.Tr.n, „
tUm eacht.o,.,*. .,,,;., k, ,:..,-i
rritun by the best player In Kfurtsnd
i . r . •• ■«-■■*» : i un
nlcal Terns, .t »«.. *,.„
A-es-falMida Prk» W o-.u.
b*ay*rs in action Price W cent*,
"".i *AI . U Kll Hi.,. ,
i " l ". s '-''"t..a - Offici.i
!."Vde K "** 1 '*•"
^fc Priosu coats. ■—•■■«».
Con ten La incl ode reports
of all bnnortaai tourna-
menU; officisl rankinc
from 18W>todate; lawsof
lawn tennis; instructions
for hand i cap pt nc; deci-
bJobbi sbj itmStfw i- ,).'■
manscement of tonms-
menu; directory of clubs;
Uymc out and keeplnc s court. Illus-
trated. Price 10 cent*.
». 107— How lo Play tana
A complete dsoertptlon of lawn ten-
nis; a lesson for beainnera snd direc-
tions ullinc how to make the most im-
portant *trok*a. Illustrated, Prieo
No. 2?0— Stroke* and ndeace
Of I nn.i irnnli.
By P. A. Vail*, a UarBrw aothority
<m the came In Great BrUsin. Every
stroke In the cam* >* areurstely illus-
trated and analysed by taw author.
Prica 10 cent*.
"»... .*,_ *>paldln*i'*
<---lf 6 c.
ayfictss OB the came in
on* of the
• '. ;
Inenl pLsyers. ofnciajplay-
C rule* and csnera)
nns of interest. Price
o. 270— How to Play Uolf.
By James Braid and Harry Vardon.
<e world a two createst plsyera tell
iw they play tt^ came, with numer-
f ull.p*c* pietupe* of thssa taken
th* links. PrW* 10 cents.
Group VI. Hockey
■ rial lee
The nffidaJ rear book af
• asas**. OMwaM !».»
sTWial rolse. picture* of
■erord*. review of the
. sepoet* frosn dif.
Section* of the
SPALDING ATHLETIC LIBRARY
NO. 3114— IlOW lO 1'lr.r If«-
Contain* * description of the duties
of each player. Jllumrated. Price 10
Mo. I St— Field) Hockey.
Prominent In the iporU at Vaa.-i.ir.
Smith. Wellenlry, Uryu Muwr and Other
leading colleges. Price 10 cents.
No. INN- I. « iv n Hockey.
I'nrli.r II<m iliey, I.iinl, .,
Il..-'i. i -i .
Containing the rules for each gum*.
Itluatrstod. Price 10 cents.
No. 1NO— It in ir ii.M-l.rr.
Ilul K.KV AUXILIARY.
No. 2.1U— OIIIcInI Handbook
ol til* Ontario Hooker
Contain* the official rules of the
Association, constitution, rule* of com-
petition, lilt of officers, anit pictures of
leading player*. 1'rice 10 cents.
Group VII. Ball
NO. 7— SpftlfllnfcT's "ttlfint
Rnakct Hnll Guide,
Edited by Goorgo T.
Hnpbron. Contofno the
revised official mica. de-
cisions on dinpui- d
rfffirili «f prominent
teams, reports on the gnme
from various parta of the
country. Illustrated. Price |
No. 11)3— Hon fo Pl«y Da* lie*
By G. T. Hepbron. editor of the
Official llaskel Ball Guide. Illustrated
with scene* of action. I'ricc 10 cents.
NO. 3U*-Oflli-lnl BuIm, Hull
Gnfile for Wonn'ii.
Edited by Ml** Sendo Berenaon. of
Smith Cotlcg*. flontains the official
playing rulca and special ...
the gam* by prominent authorities.
Illustrated. Price 10 cent*.
ItASKKT MALI. Al XII.IAHV.
No. 312— t'ollraUte Ilnsket
■1 ,„ ,,■?.. , ,; ,,, i :-.
Kiitle H*«k«t Hull AsaxdaUon. I pD
taina the official mien. record*. Alt-
America selections, reviews, nnd pic-
tures. Kdtt«d by H. A. Fisher, of
Price 10 cents.
Group VIII. Bowling
ft— HpnMlfKC'a OHlelnl
Th* content* Include:
diagram* of effective ile-
livsrtes: hint* to beirin-
nera how to score; official
role*; spare*, h«w they
are mode; rulosforrocked
hat. QUtnurt. cocked hat
and feather, battle Kama.
rTllUL »- *— Indoor
Group DC. Base Ball
No. 0— SpnMlnu-
<loor Ruae Hnll
America'* national frame
is now vieing with other
indoor game* a* a winter
pastime. Thi* book con-
tafna the play in g rule*,
picture* of leading t««ms.
and interesting articles on
the Rome by leading au-
thorities on the subject.
Price 10 cento.
No. Ill— S|ifil.li,t K 'a
Edited by J. C. Morse
A full dencription of the
game; official rules, re-
cords: pictures of promi-
nent players. Price 1C cent* I
So. 12I>— Waiter Polo.
The content* of this hook treat of
every detail, the Individual work of the
players, the prnctn-e 'if the team, how
to Ihrow the ball, with illuiitratior.il and
many valuable hints, pries 10 cents.
No. 11>(»— &<!iie*lrlan l'olo.
Compiled l.y II. I.. Pitzpatrick of the
New York 0UD. Illustrated with pay,
trail* >>f lending playcru, and contain*
moat u.ieful Information for i»ilu play-
CM. Price 10 cunt*.
No. 2111— l.ncroaae.
Every position is thoroughly ex-
plained in a nio«t simple and concin*
■nanner. rendering it the he.it manual
of the rame ever published. Illus-
trated with numerous snapshots of im-
portant plays. Price 10 cento.
X«>. 311.-.- Olfl.lnl UniMlUonk
I . s. lm< . -i oil. -ulalc l.n-
crornir i ■ -ague,
Contains the constitution, by-laws,
playing rules, liat of officers and records
of the Association. Price 10 cents.
No. -JTI— Spultllnu's <Hti.iL I
It o<| hi' Guide.
The official publication of the No-
tion*! Iti-iue Association of America.
Contains a dencription of the courts
;mi( their i-otvl me! inn, dlnarum*. id" -
t rat ion*, rules and valuable informa-
tion. Price 1(1 rctilfl.
No. i:is_«4,)nldlna:'i» Official
* i 'Hi in I I. i. ilt .
Contslm directions for playing, die-
Itramsof Important strokes. description
of fTTOUnds. instructions for the Wsm-
nir, terms used in the icnme. and the
official playttift* ruleo. Price 10 cents-
No. SIS— Archery.
A new and up-to-date book an this
fascinating pantime. The several
varieties of archery; Instrnctlonn for
shooting; how to select implements;
MTore; and arrest deal of jute
How to ploy each came i* thorougldy
explained, and all the difficult utrnkea
.-.tiitM'ii l.y siwcial phut'igrardia taken
oapacially for this book. Oniuina the
uih.'i.il rules for each some. Price 10
No. KIT— (tnolts.
Qpotalni a description of the ptsya
used hyexiiertn and the official rules.
Illustrated. Price 10 cento.
No. 1711— I'o-li Hnll.
This book contains the official rules
and a sketch of the riunc. illiistrated„
PllCsi 10 cents.
No. 13— How lo F| N y flftnd)
By the world's champion. Michael
,**"' , *'*«■» "'"y '» thoroughly ex-
plained by text and diagram, llluav
trsted. Price 10 cents.
No. 1 1— ( orlltitt.
A short history of this famous Scot-
tiah psdtirne. with instructions for
play, rule* of the game, definitions of
terma and diagram* of different soots.
Price 10 cents.
. 207-notvllnic nn the,
Qr««m or. I.nnn Howls.
How to construct a green; how to
play the game, and the official rules
of thrt 8cottir.ii Howling Asaoeiolion.
I II uitra t.tl. Price 10 cents.
No. 180— Children's Onrnfa.
These rsmes are Intended for use at
recesses, and all but the team games
have been adapted to large classes.
Suitable fur children from three to
eight years, ami include a great variety.
Price lu centa.
No. IMS— I.ftivn Gnnies.
Lawn Hockey. Garden Hockey. Hand
Tennis. Tether Tennis; also Volley
Hall. Parlor Hotktr. Badminton Bas-
ket Goal. Price 10 cents.
Group XB. Athletics
Compiled by J. K. SuliU |
■ I ->f the Ami
only annual publlcatiot
now Issued that contain,
a complete list of amaieti;
ntlnf. in terse holastic, Irish, McoUii
' -ntinenul. .South African.
AuiitraUnian; numerous photos of in-
teams. Price 10 cents..
No. 27— Colleire Allilellca.
M. C. Murphy, the welt-known ath-
. r. now with Psnneylvsnlftj
the author of this book, has written It
especially for the scln-oUmy and caller*
BUn, bOtll hi mvalluhlefurtheathletS.
whowiahe* t» excel in any branch of
pOTtJ prufusely ll hi- 1 rated.
Met in i:.-n' .. .1
IN2— AII-Aronn<l At*-
SPALDING ATHLETIC LIBRARY
IDo. lliit— Athletes
Full instruc I'otia for the beginner,
telling huw to •prinl, hurdle, jump ami
throw weight*, g.'i" ml hint* on train-
ing; valuable advice (•> btffti
Important A. A. 11. ml. i an. I ti,, ir •■*-
planaltons, while tin- pirture* comprise
many leWIW of champion* in action.
Price 10 cent*.
No. 27^— The Olympic Carac-
al .Ml.. Ml
A complete account of the Olympic
Hnmesuf 1906, at Athens, the greatest
International Athh-tir Content but
held. Compiled by J. K. Sullivan.
Spuria] Unlt«d States Coromisii.uier to
the Olympic Games. Price 10 cents.
Wo. HT— Athletic Primer.
Edited by J. B, Sullivan. President
nf the Amateur A-!
how to organize an athletic club, how
to conduct on athletic meeting, and
gives rule* for the government of »th-
l*tie meetings; content! alw> Include
direc tion* for laying out athletic
groundr, and a very insirurtlve article
on training. Price 10 cent*.
Ho. — Bin to *pr!nt.
Every athlete who aspire* to be a
■printer can ntudy thla book to advan-
tage. Price 10 cento.
No. 2K3— Iloer to linn 100
By J. W. Morton, the noted British
champion. Many nT Mr. Morton's
methods of training are novel to
American athlete*, hot his WltCfl ia
the hem tribute to their worth. Illus-
trated. Price 10 cent*.
Wo. 171— llinlnnrr mid (roll-
By Ceorge Orton, the famous Tlni-
eerslty of Pennsylvania nil
quarter, half. mile, the I
lance*, and crona-country running and
•t«-i.l-rii;«.i"iir, with la trvcUons for
Iraininr ; , : athlete*
In action, with comments by the editor
Price 10 cento.
Ko. 350— Weight Tl,r...ilne.
Probably Mtteno. I
has bad the varied and lone ■■— ihliiai
weight throwing departm-
nml. of i nol
No. Sin— Athletic Trnli.lttL
' t* treated
of separately. Price 10 centa.
G.1 — Offlilal
Contain* rules not found hi aih«*
puMlcaUona f-.r the g-r.t-mnui7i ,.r
many ni-.rU, rule* for vmll .
lhufflebnard. — i - wsfcjiaiiHS, ^23_Z
r»r,r,r. piiM wi !
..... i . i --■■ r j.,,., ,
A'lin.Ki ir At KIMAHfaWi
So. 3tl — OHIolnl Handbook
of the A.A.U.
The A. A. U. is the governing body
of athletes in the United Slates of
America, and all gomes mil
under its rules, which aru exclusively
published in this handbook, SI
should be in the hands of every athlete
. club officer In
Also includes a very intere.i'" .
on "ih.- Growth of Amorksu AUi-
lelic"," and a sh..rt In '....■ "J '-■"'■
f thi Hoard of Governors.
Price 10 centa.
No. 3(17— Official Inlerrnlle-
Blritc A. A. A. A. Hiin.lh.niU.
ClWhrint constitution, by-law*, and
Iswaof athletics; records from 1870 to
-lute. Price 10 cent*.
So. .1«X— Official Handbook
New Tnrk Inlcrachol-
i.-li.- A 1 1. 1. 1 1.* Associa-
• the Asaoeistlon's records.
constitution and by-laws and other
Information. Price 10 rer.n.
Contains the official rules governing
■11 sports under the Jurisdiction of the
Y. M. C A., official Y. M. C. A. scoring
table*, iwnta'.hl.in rules, pictures of
V. M. C A athlete*. Price
He, :ti:t_omciiii ii«>..ii.....u
of ii.< I'nhllc Icho.ta
rMit.-.i bi Dr. botbn tuirey c.ulirk.
director of physical education In the
New York pabbc wi»«.lx HI initiated.
Prii-e Ifl fpnl-i.
Mo. :ti t— rih*i<*ini H.111.11..M.L
Clrln* llr.n..h n f (he
PttMIC -School- Athletic
The officio! publication. Contain*:
conatitution and by-laws, |i«t of ofll-
ora, founder*, life anil annual
members, rrporta and lltustrstiona.
Price 10 cents.
No. .till— Intcrco llriUIr
(>..». t •iiinlry llnnitloitiU.
Contairi i t.y.Uwa,
list of onVera, and records of the asso-
ciation. Price 10 rents.
It*. ::i7 — >lnri.tli'io lluanlnr.
A new ami up-to-date book on Ihi*
i .-lime. Contain* pictures
• if tna !*• «1 ir.*: Msrsthon ronner*.
method* of trsimnr. and lir«t times
made in vaiious Marathon tt. in.
Price 10 cents.
Group XIII. Athletic
1". 177-llorv (d *"Ih..
the novice, the II lustra lion r -
■ . ■
•howlna the awimmer In clear water:
a ▼sluable feattlf* la the aerie* of
Isntldnll " exercUca for the bewinner.
Prim 10 cento.
\... IM Mm to r ow .
the nnUh of the ,i,„,e and other valu-
•bUlnfwnssUon. Prko 10 canto.
No. l!!Kt— Speed Snliiinilnll.
By Champion C. M. 1/snirla of th*
M«w Vorfc AthMtk Club team, hokler
lllllissll in Amcrli-a qualified to
..|.jr..t. At. v t-.y should
, increase hia apeed In ths
water after readmit Champion OnnielV
MM on the aubieet. Pries 10
No. 33— Canoelnp;.
I'HddlliiK. sailing:, cruiiinr and rac-
iu.I tin ir unei<: with hints
i. rlt UKl maiiairement: the choice of
aanOf- funlins-mnoeg, racine renuhf
T,.ms: eanoesne «nd campln«. Tuily
illustrated. Price 10 cents.
No. 2HO— How to Ilecomet •
Contains advice for beg-in ner*; how
to become a fioTire skater, ahowina how
to do all the different tricks of the beat
(Wire skaters. Picture* of prominent
So. i— i:-<>ftl<-lnl Roller
<-!. ittinu l.ul.Ie.
Direclions for becoming s fsney and
- r kutcr. and role* f
akatlnt*- Picture* nf prominent trick
akater* in action. Price 10 cents.
So. 1 7H— Mow to Trata for
Gives methods of the best riders
when trainitur for I. ingr or short distance
-nevs: hint* on iraiiiiiiir. Bevieed and
ip-tn-ifate In every particular. Price
] *0_ Wrcnlllnsj.
llhiatrationnof the different holda, pho-
tofrraphed eapecially and ao described
that anybody can with little effort learn
every one. Price 10 cents.
SO. I V I .... I. IB.
By Dn Edward Breek. of Boston,
editor of The Swordsman, a promi-
nent amateur fencer. A book that boa
!of time, and is universally
ac*r.n«l*>ls-ed to I* a standard work.
Illustrated. Price lOcento.
No. I'. ^ 11... I.IK PwtwOJs
Contains over 70 paeosor illoatratlona
•howtnaT -sll the latest blows, posed
*"l-eeial|y for thi* Imok under the super-
vision of a wetlknown instructor at
buxinr. wlio makes a specialty of teoeh-
iiiar and know* how to impart his
knowledge. Price 10 Centa.
St.. HIT— rite Art of Kcaclats;
By Hejris ami l.ml* Sense, of New
. •"!» snd |e*lins;
dr-tsd how every move ahoukt be mode.
Price 10 cents.
No. 234— How In Wrestle.
Th* nml complete and up-bwlale
i...... .,.. arn vm% ■ rmi puMI I ™i
r R I-enb*. snd devoted
principally to apecislpoaea and illustrs.
t-Kis by George llackenschmldt, the
Russian Lwn." Price 10 centa
v | Q—Mj TatMnhllas;.
f..^.*n r '.1 • h
SPALDING ATHLETIC LIBRARY
No. U^'.t— t 'umbllng for A
Specially compiled for amateurs by
Dr.JamesT. Gwathmey. Every variety
of the pastime explained by text iini
pictures, over 100 different positions
being shown. Price 14 c«nU.
No. ID1— Hon to Panel* the
The best trcnlise on i>ag punchmir
that has ever been primed. Every va-
riety ■•( blow used in training is shown
■ ml explained, with a chanter on fancy
bog punching by a well-known theatri-
cal bag puncher. Price 10 cenU,
awinger, J. !!. Do'jghert. . It is clearly
illustrated, by which any novice can
become an expert- Price 10 cents.
The beat work on dumb- bell* that
has ever been offered. By Prof. C.
Bojus, of New York. Contains 200
photographs. Should be in tho hands
of every teacher and pupil of physical
cull-ure, and is Invaluable for home
exercise. Price 10 cents.
No. 1-02— Medicine Hull Kx-
A series of plain and practical exer-
cises with th* medicine boll. suitable
fur boys and irirla, businc** ■ i
tional men. in and out of gymnasium.
Price 10 cent*.
No. 20— Pulley Weight Eter-
ByDr.HenryS. Anderson. :i
In heavy gymnastics Yatu gymnasium.
In conjunction with a ehe.it machine
anyone with this book can become
perfectly developed. Price 10 cents.
No. rtn-jiu jhs.i.
Each move thoroughly explained and
illustrated with numerous full-page
pictures of Messrs. A. Minami and K.
Koyatna. two of tlie most famous ex-
ponents of the art of Jiu Jltsu. who
posad eapecially for Ibis book. Price
No. 100— How to Swing In-
By Prof. E. B. Worman. By Cottar.
(tig the directions carefully anyone can
become an expert. Price 10 centa.
Croup XV. Gymnastics
No. 1U4— The Grading of
By Q. M. Martin. A book thai should
he in the hand™ of every physical direc-
tor of the Y. M. C. A., school, club, cof-
ega. el*. Price 10 centa.
O. 2] 1- .Graded I „lis(|,eti-
lea nml I) b-Bell Urllla.
For years It has been the custom in
most gymnasiums of memorising a set
drill, which was never varied. Conse-
quently the beginner was given the
same kind and amount aa the older
member. With a view to giving uni-
formity the present treatise is at-
tempted. Price KLcenta.
V.j. sr.-l— nnrnjmu liar Bell
Edltad by Dr. R. Tait McKeniie,
Director Physical Traimrur. University
of Pennsylvania. Profusely II lustra led
Price 10 cents.
No. I 5! Indoor and Outdoor
A book that will prove valuable to in-
door and outdoor gymnasiums, *:h<x>ls,
outings and gatherings w'.nn there
are a number to be amutc^ Frice 10
By Robert Stoll, of tU New York
A. C, the America-! cl.ari pion on the
Hying ntigs from 1SBS u> \69I. Any boy
ean easily become proficient with a
tittle practice. Price 10 cents.
All concede that game* and recreative
exercisesdu'ing the adolescent period
are preferable to Mrdritlaandnmiioinri-
OOtt movcme.Us. These drills, while de-
sinned ririm.irily for boyn. can l>e used
Huccnssfull) with girls and men and
women. Profusely illustrated. Price
Group XVI. cufture
No. Kll-Teo Minnies' Bael-
• i««* for li us > Men.
By Dr. Luther Ilalsey Gulick. Diree-
tor of Physical Training in the New
York Public School*, A concise and
Count of physical education.
Price 10 centa.
No. 2<>N— Physical Kdooatlon
This is the fifth of the Phyalcal
Training srn-i by Prof. E. B. Wurman
(sec No*. 142, 149. 1«. l»fi. 113.2*11. 2*0. i
Price 10 cents.
No. 1-40— The Catreof the Doily.
A book that all who value health
should road and follow its Instructions.
By Prof. E. B.Werman. the well-known
lecturer and authority on physical cul-
ture. Price 10 cant*.
No. 142— Physical Tralulug
By Prof. E. B. Warman. A complete,
thorough and practical book where the
whole man ia considered — brain and
body. Price 10 cents.
No. IKS— Health, Hints.
R* I'm/ K. R. Weimar. Health in.
Ruenced by Insulation; health influ-
etii-rd .'.r onuiTuvnr; health influenced
by ccior; exercise. Price 10 cents.
No. 213-280 Health ssiwtri.
B/ Prof. E. B. Warman. Contents:
ventilating a bedroom; ventilating a
.loose; how to obtain pure air: bathing;
aalt water hatha at home; a substitute,
for ic« water; to cure insomnia, etc.,
etc. Price- 10 cents.
No. 234— Muscle Building.
By Dr. L. H. Gulick. Director of Phy-
sical Training m the New York Public
Schools. A" complete treatise on the
correct method of acquiring strength.
Illustrated Price 10 cents.
A aerieaof drills for the use of schools.
Edited by Dr. Luther Halaey Gulick,
Director of Physical Training in th*
New York Public Schools. Price W
No. 201— Tensing Kxarelawi.
By Prof. E. B. Warman. Th* '*Ten-
■ing" or "Resisting" ayatem of mus-
cular exercises Is the most thorough,
the most complete, the most sat irtfac»
lory, and the most fascinating of ay*.
terns. Price 10 cents.
No. 2So— Health! by Musc«>
lar i.» iiiiiiist ice.
Wtti hints on right living. By W.J.
Cromie. If one will practice the exer-
cises and observe the hints therein
contained, he will be amply repaid for
so doing. Price 10 cents.
No. 2ms— Indigestion Treated
By W. J. Cromie. If the hints there-
in contained are observed and the
exercises faithfully performed great
relief will be experienced. Price 10
By Prof. E. B. Warman. authoY of a
number of book* i in the Spalding Ath-
letic Library op physical training.
Price 10 cents.
CONSTITUTION AND |
PLAYING RULES S
OF THE ^
* or r
BASE BALL CLUBS
American Sports Publishing Company
21 warren street
American Sports Piiumsiiino Company
Constitution of the National League
of Professional Base Ball Clubs
Adopted March 8, 1904.
Amended December, 1905; February, 1906; February, 1907; December,
1907; February, 1908; December, 1908, and February, 1909.
SECTION 1. This Association shall be called the Na-
tional Leagui of Professional Base Ball Clubs.
SEC. 2. The objects of this l eague arc:
1. To immortalize Base Ball as the national game of the
. nited Stat s.
2. To surround it with such safeguard! as to warrant
ib olute public confidence in its integrity and methods.
3. To protect and promote the mutual interests of pro-.
i nal Ba e Ball clubs and professional Base Ball players,
4. To establish and regulate the professional Base Ball
championshij of the United Si
SEC. 3. This League shall consist of eighl clubs (the
membership shall not be increa ed or diminished except
by unanimous consent of the League), located in and
n etiting the following cities, to wit: Boston, New York,
iklyn, Philadelphia, Pittsburg, Cincinnati, St. Louis
.,,!,] ago, and in no event shall there be more than om
club in an) city.
Withdrawal from Membership.
SEC. 4. Any club member of the League unable to meel
the obligations it has assumed maj ask the League for per
mission to dispose of its rights and franchises as a member
of the League in that city to some othei corporation. In
the event of this League giving its consent to the tn
of membership from one company to another it must be
understood thai the new member -.hull assume with
franchise and rights of the retiring company all the lia-
bilities, responsibilities and obligations entered into by
the retiring company. It musl a! o be underst 1 bj the
retiring and mpany that the company retiring >li:ill
nol be relieved or released from any contract or obligation
entered into by it to this League until all of aid contracts
and obligations have been fully paid and determined by the
company accepting its membership, rights and franchises.
Admission to Membership.
SEC. 5. ,\ company to be admitted t'> membership in
ue must first deliver to the Secretary of the
written application ident and
Secretary, accompanied by documents snowing that such
company is regularly organized, chartered and officered, and
pared to fully comply with the provisions of Section t
oi this Constitution. Such applii
transmitted by the Secretary to the Board of Direi
who shall immediately investigate and report upon said
application, said report to be communicated t" the I.-
through the Secretary.
SEC. 6. Hi, voting upon an application for membership
snail bi by ballot, a thn being requisiti
In Regard to Vacancies.
SEC. 7. | n ,-•,.,- ; , v;i , an j n ,],,, memberjbip ,,f
this organization during the champi
•Kin shall nominate to all the clubs all applii
bership; and the vote thereon ms graph
" r P*"' 3 i may requ of all the
clubs will be required to admit any applicant to metnber-
J/J'P- Sl "' 1 ' "" shall continue only until
lr "'"■■' annual meeting, but uch ■ lub ball b
'"' ""' ru,es and requin cm.
Termination of Membership.
f EC T, 8 ' '"" ip of any club maj be termin
, f ;,, nal <lul d by a three fourth
Sor?V '" meetmg ' h,1 >
aun,-,! 1 ,,,,,'!!'?'"' I" ''" ,i,,, •• •""'
3. By allowing open betting or pool selling upon its
grounds or in any building owned or occupied by it.
4. By playing any game of ball with a club that is dis-
qualified or ineligible under this Constitution.
5. By offering, agreeing, conspiring or attempting to lose
.any game of ball; or failure td immediately expel any
player who shall be proven guilty of offering, agreeing,
conspiring or attempting to lose any game of ball, or of
being interested in any pool or wager thereon
6. P.\ disbandment of its organization or club team
during the championship season.
7. By failing or # rcfusing to fulfill its contractual obli-
8. By failing or refusing to comply with any lawful re-
quirement of the Board of Directors.
<). By wilfully violating any provision of tbis Constitu-
tion, or the legislation or playing rules made in pursuance
thereof, or any violation of the provisions of the National
The Expulsion of Clubs.
SEC. 9. To carry into effect the provisions of Section 8
of this Constitution, the facts in any case covered by such
section must be reported to the Secretary of the League,
who shall at once notify by mail or telegraph the party
charged with the specified default or offense, and inquire
whether any dispute exists as to the facts alleged. In case
the facts are disputed, the Board shall, after due notice,
try the case under such regulations as they may prescribe;
and their finding shall be final and conclusive on all parties
■1 in case of expulsion, wben sucb finding shall be for-
warded to each club, which shall transmit to the Secretary
written ballots "For Expulsion" or "Againsl Expulsion";
a n,l if jeven clubs vote "For Expulsion" the Secretary shall
notifj all clubs of the forfeiture of membership of the party
Dues and Assessments.
SEC. 10. 1. Each club -ball pa to the Secretar;
,,,. before tin- firsl day of April of each year, the sum of
annual dues, and in addition thereto sucb other
sum, as from lime to time may b>- assessed, the assessments
to be levied againsl the various clubs in accordance witb
their standing in the championship race of the previous year,
in the following manner: The club finishing first shall be
required to pay 20 per cent of 1! dent; the club
finishing second [8 per cent, the club finishing third n
cent, the club finishing fourth 14 per cent, the club fin
ing fifth in per cent, the club finishing sixth 8 per cent,
and the clubs finishing seventh and eighth respectively, 7
per cent each. Provided, however, thai when two or more
clubs have finished a tie in the preceding year, the com-
bined 11 hi-, against such clubs shall be equally pro
ruled between them in accordance with the above per-
centages. Hiese assessments shall be for the payment
of salaries of officers and umpires, and for such
other expi may be incurred by order of this
League or the Board of Directors. \.lso .-ill lines and
penalties imposed by said League or its Board of
Directors upon a club or upon any club officer, pi
manager, scorer, or other employe when so levied and im
posed by virtue of, and in accordance with, the provi
of this Constitution and the Playin ' eague.
2. Upon conviction of any of thi prescribed in
Section X as causes for expulsion, the Board of Directors
may, in the first instance, as a preliminary to, or in lieu
[pulsion, impose such a fine as is in their judgment
commensurate with the injury: which fine may include
a penalty payable to any other club or clubs as an equiva-
lent For dance" tained fo such violation of this
Constitution, or of the legislation or contracts made in pur-
SEC. 11. At it- annual meeting the
a President and a Secretary-Treasurer and Board of D
tor , 1 h< I '1 e idi nl hall bi - officii 1 ' !haii man of the
I le shall report ti 1 the Boat d 1 if I Hrec-
any violation of the pri ivision of tl 1 itution thai
may 1 omi to his knowledge. Hi hall inter-
prets of the Playing Rule during lh< 1 ham]
1 I hall pn idi at all the tni 1 ting of the League, and a)
'1m annual meeting ol the I
committee, unless said meeting hall othe wise direct
Should the offic< of the
death, resignation, or removal, till I'.oard of I
within thirty days thereafter, ehct a President.
of President and Secretary-' may be held by the
The Secretary's Duties.
SEC. 12. 'I he Secretary shall be the I reasurer of the
League, and as such shall Ik- the custodian of all funds of
the League, receive all dues, fees and assessments, which
shall be placed to the credit of the Treasurer in SOmi
hank of deposit to meet cut 'rent expenses, lie shall make
such payments as shall be ordered by the Board or by the
vote of the League, and render annually a report of Ins
nuts; and he shall give such bond, with approval sure-
ties, as the Board may require.
SEC. 13. The Secretary shall have the custody and care
of the official records and papers of the League; shall keep
a true stenographic record of all meetings of the League
and the Hoard; shall issue all official notices, and attend
to the necessary correspondence; he shall also prepare and
furnish such reports as may be called for by the Hoard,
and shall be entitled to such I ks, Stationery, blanks and
materials as the actual duties of his office may require.
SEC. 14. The Secretary shall keep a record of all in-
fractions of the rules and regulations of the League that
may come under his notice, and shall make' a report on the
same to the Board at its next meeting.
SEC. 15. The President and Secretary shall receive
such salaries as the Board by vote shall determine, and
shall he reimbursed for all traveling expenses actually in-
curred by them in the service of the League; and the
Board may exact from them such guarantee for the faith
ful performance of their duties as they would deem for
the interest and safety of the League, At the expiration of
their terms of office they shall account for. and delivi
to the Hoard, all the property and papers which may have
come into their hands by virtue of their offices.
SEC. 16. 'I he Hoard of Directors shall i of the
President and live other members, to be chosen at thi
annual meeting by ballot.
SEC. 17. lii case of vacancy in the Board bj rea on of
the death, resignation, absence, or disqualification of any
ior, the club of which he was a member, at the time
he was cho eii, hall designate hi. ucci sor, and ai once
notify the Secretary. Hut if such vacani ed by the
withdrawal, disbanding, or disqualification of a club reprc-
C(l on the Hoard, the Hoar.; maj till the vacancy by
on in the same maimer as provided for the electio
Directors in Section [I.
Qualification of Directors.
SEC. 18. No person shall be qualified to act as Director
who is not an actual member of the dob he represents;
nor shall any club under any circumstances, be repr<
by more than one person on the Board of Directors; nor
-hall any Director sit in the trial of a cause in which his
club is interested.
SEC. 19. The Board shall meel annually on the morn-
ing of the second Tuesday in December, at i_> o'clock noon,
at the place where the annual meeting of the Lea
be held, hui may hold special meetings upon the call of the
President or two members of the Hoard, whenever urgent
necessity may require.
SEC. 20. The Board shall prepare a detailed report of
•til their dun,--,, and present the -am.- in writing to the
League at its annual meeting; which report -hall, if ac-
cepted, he til.-d wnh the Secretary, together with all official
. documents and property which may have come into
iIm -"' posse -Mil bj virtue of their office.
SEC. 21. I In- Hoard shall have a general supervision
and management of all the affair.-, and business of the
League, including the award of the championship and such
other duties expressedfy or impliedly conferred upon them
by tins Constitution, or by legislation made in pursu
thereof It shall be th< d exclusive tribunal fol
the trial ..f managers or players for any violation of this
Lonstitution or of the playing rules or other rub- of dis
ciptme, mile-- -.he League bj a three-fourths vote of its
'I"!' membership, -hall otherwise direct, it -hall be the
SOte and exclusive tribunal to hear and detennii,.
Detween clubs, comniaints by a club against the manager
'" Player of another club, or by a manager or playi
lub, or an appeal by a player again I fi pen
'"" '" expulsion by hi- own club, or complaint In the
ll ," 1 '" I,! against a dub for failun
P*y with < onstitution requirements, and general!
»;.io., o,;,]i, ofthis
iupursuSS: ' Rules and other legislation made
such r,',i. 22- i ' '"' B ? ard s ' K,il -'"'"i' 1 "• || regulations and
of V ,,,, l ""'",'"' '"''• f " r ,lu ' l "' : "'""-; and determination
■ ' utes and complaints brought before then. Where
Pla'ed i, ,' 17" r '' ,: '""" "' ■■' Bame alleged to have
Played in violation of thi i „ „„. 1Mavillg
Rules, (lie complaint and accompanying proofs must be
filed within five days alter the date of said game with
the President of the Board, who shall scud a copj of the
same to the other clubs, with orders to file its answer within
five days thereafter. The Presidenl of the Board shall in
the first instance decide the dispute on its merits and fo ill
with communicate his decision to both clubs, either of which
may within five days appeal from said decision to the full
Hoard. Said decision, together with all other documents and
proofs, shall thereupon he transmitted for a mail vote to the
different members of the Hoard. The finding of the Board
shall be final, and tinder no circumstance-, shall be recon-
sidered, reopened or inquired into, either by the League or
any subsequent Hoard.
SEC. 23. The Hoard shall at once consider any coin
plaint preferred by a club against a manager or player of
another club (prior to the expiration of the championship
season) for conduct in violation of any provision of this
Constitution, or prejudicial to the good repute of the game
of base ball and shall have power to require the club, to
which such player or manager may belong, to discipline
him, and upon repetition of such offense to expel him.
Provided, that such complaint be preferred in writing,
giving such particulars as may enable the Board to ascer-
tain all the facts, and such particulars shall be transmitted
to the Secretary, by whom it shall at once he referred to
the Hoard. In all cases where charges are preferred by
any regularly appointed League umpire again-.! any player
for violation of the Playing Rules or for conduct on the
hall field prejudicial to the good repute of the game of base
hall, the President shall have the sole jurisdiction to pass
upon said charges and inflict penalties, if any, subject only
to the restriction that in no case where expulsion is fixed
shall same be put into effect until ratified by the Hoard of
SEC. 24. In case a player, under contract with a League
dub, hall, dining a current season, prefer a complaint in
writing to the Secretary of tin- League against such a
club, alleging that such club is in arrears to him for sal-
ary for more than fifteen days after such salary became due
on account of such contract, the Secretary shall at once
transmit to the said club a copy of such complaint, and re-
quire an answer thereto. On receipt of such answer, or if
live (lavs shall have elapsed without receipt of an an
th • Secretary shall refer the papers in the case to the
Board of Directors, and should the Board find the player's
complaint sustained, they shall require the club, under pen-
alty of forfeiture of its membership, to paj to the player
forthwith the full amount ascertained to be due him. Pro-
yided, thai should the player refuse to serve the club pend-
ing action by the Board on his complaint, he will thereby
forfeit the benefits of the award, and in such case the
Board shall revoke his award.
SEC. 25. iii,. Board shall promptly hear an appeal
made by any person who shall have been expelled, sus-
pended or disciplined by Ins club, except in cases of expul-
sion as provided in Section 38. Such person shall, within
thirty days after the date of the expulsion, suspension or
discipline, file with the Secretary a written statement of his
defense, accompanied by a request that an appeal be
allowed him. 'Mi, Secretary shall notify the club of the
request for an appeal, accompanying such notice with a
copy of the appeal; and at the next meeting of the Board
the club, by its duly authorized representative, and the ap-
pellant in person, by attorney <>r by written statement, shall
appear before the Hoard with their testimony. 'I he Hoard
-hall impartially hear the matter and render their decision.
which shall be final and forever binding on both club and
SEc 26. Anv player under contract or reservation who
may consider himself unjustly treated or wronged b
club shall have the right to submit his case lo the I
dent of the League, who shall, after soliciting evidence
rning the matter, present thi 1 the Hoard for
hearing, recommendation or adjudication. The Board
have authority to impose any just fine or pecuniary
penalty on a club, a manager or a player, if warranted by
their findings and decisions, and they may impose the
if trials and he irit (It 01 both partit ti
the controversy. Hut such fine, penalty and expen es may
be remitted by a three-fourths vote of the League upon
appeal duly made and heard at an annual or Special
Individual Club Control.
SEC T 27- Ea<* club -ball have the right to regulat
" WM affair , ,,, otherwise provided, -
the League ma> from time to time determine, and, in doing
[?" have the 1 tablish its own rules and to
discipline, punish, suspend or expel its own man:
other employes, and these powers shall no
limited to cases of dishonest play or open insubordination,
but shall include all questions of carelessness, indifference
or other conduct of the player that may be regarded bj the
club as prejudicial to its interest, and not in conflict with
any provision of this Constitution, or the Playing Rules
of this League.
Punishment of Scandalous Conduct.
SEC. 28. The President of the League shall have-
power, upon proper proof, to suspend for a definite period
and to impose a fine not exceeding $200 upon any League
manager or player guihy, in public, of gross misbehavior,
including intoxication, fighting, quarreling, indecency or
other scandalous conduct, whether on or off the playing
field, during the- season, where the same is, in his opinion.
calculated to bring disrepute upon the National League or
National Game. Such line can only he remitted by the
Board of Directors after a hearing upon appeal duly prose-
Club Territorial Rights.
SEC. 29. Every club of this League shall have exclus-
ive control of the city 111 which it is located, and of the
territory surrounding such city, to the extent of live miles
iii every direction from it< corporate limits, and no visit-
ing League club shall, under any circumstances, be allowed
to play . ny club in such territory other than the League
club therein located, without the con, cut of the local
Reservation of Players
SEC. 30. Each club a member of this League shall be
entitled to the right of reservation, < m or before the 20th
of September in each year each club shall transmit to
the Secretary a reserve list of the players whose services it
desires to retain for the ensuing season, and who are then
under contract to the said club lor the current or for any
succeeding season or seasons, and in addition thereto the
m, mi oi ii' h players reserved in any prior annual list who
l.avc refused to contract wiih said club, Such players, to-
gether with all others thereafter to be regularly contracted
with, namely, players who have been soured l>> purchase
or draft under the National Agreement for future services
shall be ineligible to contract with any other club in this
League except as hereinafter provided No club shall have
the right to reserve any player when in arrears of salary to
him. The Secretary shall promulgate such lists on or be-
fore September 25th of each year.
Negotiating for Services.
SEC. 31. No player, without the consent of the club
with which he is under contract or reservation, shall enter
into negotiations with any other club for future services.
SEC. 32. Contracts made between a club and its play-
ers may be either by telegram or writing, to be followed
within ten days thereafter by a contract in the form
approved and promulgated by me President to all the clubs
of the League.
SEC. 33. 'I he League shall adopt such form of contract
as it may deem best for the protection of the rights of
the parties thereto. All contracts must he approved by the
lent ami duly promulgated by him. Win-never a club
erves notice on a player that his contract will he termi-
nated in tin days, the President of the League shall be
notified by wire and the ['resident of the League shall
telegraph the other seven clubs the information. A failure
"l any club to comply with this provision shall subject
such club to a tine to lie fixed by the Board of Directors;
the tine t., he not less than $25.00; and in a ease where a
violation of this section results in the loss of the player
to the National League it shall !)'■ at an amount com-
mensurate with the player's ability. For a period of ten
days after notice of served on a National League
r any other club shall have the right to claim without
cost the player released and to negotiate for his services,
and the player shall he ineligible to contract with a club of
another League; provided, however, that when a club
desins to release a player out of the League, such club
shall immediately notify the Pre idem of the League, who
shall notify all other National League clubs of such <h
l }<>: failure or a club to notify the President of the League
waiver within five (5) days during the championship
season, if a player he nude' contract, or ten no)
during the period between the close of one championship
season and the beginning of another, will operate
legal waiver. If. however, a club of this League, refused
in writing to waive claim, then the following rule shall
apply: If the player sought to be released out of the
League is a purchased player or otherwise acquired save
l>> draft, tin Presidenl of the League shall fix the price
in be paid by the club refusing to waive claim, with this
proviso: that the amount so fixed shall not exceed $1,500.
1 1 the player be a drafted player, then the draft price shall
be paid. In cases where two or more clubs refuse to waive
claim, the claim of the clubs shall be determined by lot~by
the Presidenl of the League. In no case, however, shall
the club asking for the waiver have the privilege or right
nf retaining a player once that player is claimed under this
constitutional provision. All refusals to waive must be
followed by check for the amount fixed by the President.
During the waiver periods above specified no club shall
be permitted to send a player out of the League on the
assumption that all clubs will waive claim. A failure to
observe this rule will cause the offending club to be amen-
able to a penalty to be fixed by tile Board of Directors ill
its discretion, and, furthermore, the offending club shall
be ordered by the Board of Directors to pay to the club
damaged by this breach of the ( '1 institution the amount so
sustained. Said line and damages must lie paid within ten
days after once imposed. file following limitations shall
apply to all waivers: (1) If waiver is secured between
playing seasons it shall expire al the expiration of ten
days from the beginning of the succeeding championship
season. (2) If secured during the championship season,
it shall expire at the expiration of thirty days from date
when waiver is requested from League headquarters.
Suspension and Expulsion of Players.
SEC. 34. Any player, while under contract with, or
reservation by, a League club, who shall without the con-
sent of such club, enter the service of any other club in
air" capacity, shall be liable t" expulsion by said League
club. Whenever a club suspends or expels a manager or
player, that club shall at once notify the Secretary of this
League, stating the date when the same takes effect, and
in case of suspension or expulsion, tin' cause thereof.
SEC. 35. No manager or player, who has been sus-
pended or expelled from a League club, shall at any time
thereafter be allowed \,, play with, or serve in any capacity,
any League club (either the one expelling him or any
other) unless the term of suspension by the club has ex-
pired, or upon his appeal to this League, such expulsion or
suspension shall have been set aside.
Effect of Club Disbandment,
SEC. -6. The disbandment of a League club, or its
withdrawal from <>r loss of League membership, shall oper-
ate as a release of its players from contract and reserva-
tion with said club, bul the righi to contract with and
reserve said players shall revert to the League, and they
shall be subject to transfer to such other club as the
League may designate after acceptance of their said
Playing with Outside Clubs.
SEC. 37. No game of base ball shall be played be-
tween a League club and any other club that has been ex-
pelled from membership in this League. No game of ball
shall be played between a League club and any other club
employing or presenting in its nine a player expelled, or
under suspension from the League, or otherwise ren-
dered ineligible by this League or a club member thereof.
Crookedness and its Penalties.
SEC. 38. Any person who shall be proven guilty of
offering, agreeing, conspiring or attempting to cause any
game of ball to result otherwise than on its merits under
the Playing Rules, shall be forever disqualified by the
President of the League from acting as umpire, manager,
player or in any other capacity in any game of ball part i -
cipated in by a League club.
SEC. 39. A staff of League umpires shall he selected by
the President bet'., re the opening of the regular season.
i. Applicant for the position of umpire must state age,
nee, • p abits and such other qualifications
as may be prescribed on forms prepared by the President,
which must have the endorsement of those who from skilled
and personal knowledge can recommend the applicant for
Independent of such ei lentS, however, the Presi-
dent shall make inr|ttiries and inform himself, a- I
practicable, as to the merits and qualifications of each ap-
2 - " he paid such salaries and allowed such
expenses as may be mutually agreed upon by contra
tween them and the !'• dent of the League, subject to the
approval of the Board of Directors of the I
Bui at leasl ten per cent, of current salaries shall be with-
held In the President until the termination of his contract
for thai season to secure such deductions for absences and
the payment oi such fines as may be lawfully impo
3. In the event of thi failure of an umpire in umpire
a game assigned to him it shall be the duly of the l
dent to provide a substitute to umpire such game; and in
such case there shall be deducted from the next payment to
tin- umpire the sum of twelve dollars for each game as-
d to him, which for any reason he shall have failed
4. It shall be the duty of each League club to accept as
umpire for any championship game such umpire or sub-
stitute as the President shall assign to such game. In the
event of the m i ince of the League umpire or sub-
stitute al the hour appointed for the beginning of the
game each club captain shall then select on< of the sub-
stitute ])I.i ihe opposing club, and the two players
thus selected shall be the duly authorized umpires for that
5- It shall be the duty of umpires to enforce the rules
as they are written, regardless of personal opinion as to
their merits, si the President's instructions as to
their proper interpretation. They shall familiarize them-
selves with these section! of the Constitution, obej all or-
of the Presidi nt, assigning their services and wear such
uniform on the playing field as he may designate.
Supervision of Umpires.
SEC. 40. AH complaints against umpires shall he suh-
ih to the I'm ident, who
shall i ps aa he may deem proper (governed
by tl of the charges) to ascertain as to the conv-
ey of the umpire complained of and to verify, ii
sible, by his own pei onal observation a to his mei
n [f the complaint be for a wilful violation of this
Con titution, or of the Playing Rules oi for neglect or re-
in enforce any of said rules or for anj impropi
■ ruage or conduct while officiating as an
umpire, and if upon investigation it be substantiated, the
i to t'""'. remove, suspend or
expel the offender, as in his judgment the offense may
SEC. 41. At each annua! meeting of the League the
President shall appoint a committee of three on Playing
Rules, i committee of three on Schedule and a committee
i>i three on Constitutional Amendmem
SEC. 42. The Championship of the United States, es-
tablished by this L< I il] I, ended for yearly
by the clubs composing the League.
SEC. 43. '| he championship season shall extend from
such date in April or May to such date in September or
October as the Leaeue may determine at its stated or
SEC. 44. Every game played between two clubs from
the commencement of the championship season to the
completion of the championship series between such clubs
shall be a game for the championship, and no League club
shall lend or exchange p - or with each othei
any game played during the championship season. Any
violation of tin ection shall subject each offender to a
line of $100.
SEc. 45. Each club shall play twi or more
championship games with everj other club in the League.
\ tie game, or a game prevented by ram or othi
shall be played off on the same ground on which
during the same or any subsequent series, the date to be
optional with the home dub. Provided, that the dap
ng off such postponed or tie name musl be at
fixed by the home club; the visiting club and President of
tin- League to be notified of such date before eight o'clock
I . M., oi ,iay such postponement or : and in
event date for such play-off be fixed for the next d
the same series, the home dub shall also notify the umpire
or umpires then officiating in that city.
sec. 46. Each club shall have half of the champion-
'""'i' with every other club played on its
pounds except as otherwise provided in < and
it a i the details of such yam,-, thai do not involve the
ngnts ,]„. vlsltttlg ,.,„,, under fhe p)a ^ Rul ,, m
v to such games as attractive exhibit
"., L 1 / "" 1 ,"' dt,b ' ''"• visitin 8 Club shall defer to
- wishes of the home club; provided, nevertheless, that
hour f r l H '' n '"" '"' i»- rll """'l to change the usual
hour for the commencement of cheduled games in its par-
ticular city more than thirty (30) minutes without first
having obtained the consent of the visiting club thereto,
under a penalty u> the visiting club of $500. Tin- visiting
club shall furnish to a person designated by the home club
the batting order of its nine by if) o'clock on the morning
of the day of each game, or the evening previous, if re-
quested. In case of the failure of any visiting club to fur-
nish the batting order of its nine as herein stipulated, it
shall forfeit the sum of $10, which amount shall be imme-
diately transmitted to the Secretary of the League, upon
the receipt of noiice from him of the infliction of such
line, which notice shall be given by the Secretary upon
receipt of complaint from the home club.
It shall he the duty of the home club to furnish the
manager and captain of the visiting club with a list of the
balling order before the commencement of the game under
similar penalties for default as herein prescribed. The
visiting club shall have the right to practice its nine on the
grounds of the home club between 11 and ]_• o'clock A. M.
hi each day of its visit during the championship season.
The Championship Schedule.
SEC. 47. All championship games shall be arranged in
a written schedule prepared by the Schedule Committee,
and reported to and adopted by the League by a three-
fourths vote before the beginning of the championship sea-
son. The schedule shall provide for an equal number of
return games, and shall specify the date of each game and
the date of each Series of games. Xo date in said schedule
shall subsequent I \ be changed, except ( 1 ) by written agree-
ment of two clubs from a date fixed by the schedule for
a game between such clubs to an open date on the same
ground; or (J) as provided in Section 4S! or (3) by the
written consent of three -fourths of all the League clubs.
Any club or clubs violating this section shall be amen-
able to a penalty of $I,O00. Said penalty to be paid within
forty-eight hours to the Treasurer of the League, or if
not so paid to lie withheld from any funds to their credit
111 the hands of the Treasurer. Ml games played in viola-
tion of this section shall not count in the championship
The Admission Fees and Receipts.
SEC. 48. 1 be general admission fee to all champion-
ship games shall be fifty (50) cents, but each club shall
nate a part of its grounds, and provide seats thereon,
the admission fee to which shall lie twenty-five (25) cents,
ami all division of percentages shall !»• made on the basis
of fiftv (50) cents, except as to thai pari of thi
tin admission fee to which is fixed at twenty-five 1
cents, and as to such pan of said all divisions of
ntage shall be on the ba is oi twentj five (25) cents.
At the conclusion of eai h championship game the 1
club shall deliver to the manager of thi club (and
shall transmit by mail to the President or other designated
I the visiting club a duplicate of the same 1 a
nent of the receipts of said game, which must in
all fifty-cent and twenty-five cent admissions, and shall pay
to the visiting club fifty per centum of ipl
The Ball Park.
SEC. 49. Each park shall be provided with a sufficient
number of exits and entrance (not exceeding four) for
imodation of the public, and a separate entrance
shall be maintained for the convenience ol the press rep-
tat h es and those 1 ntitli 1 lurtesies of the
1. Additional entrance, may be Opened Upon holidays.
but for such days thi visiting club shall I"' given at least
ten days' notice of the whole nunibei and their location.
2. Emergency gates may bi time b>
sent of the visiting club, if occasion requiri
3. Each park shall also be provided with proper and
for visiting players, the
same to be supplied with toilet conveniences, ho1 and
water, and shower bath-, and to contain twenty suil
lockers for such players, Such dressing room to be prop
erly heated and cared for, and made subject to the control
during upancy thereof of the players of th
club. The penalty for failure to p and maintain
such d in hall be twenty live dollar
for each daj of failure to provide the ami
thi rule, the same to be assi ed and colli cted by the
Secretary of the League upon complaint of the visiting club.
4. A visiting club hall nol be permitted to convey its
players, to or from thi of any other club, in
uniform unless special permission therefor has been
granted h the President of the League, or some
emergencj arise? lo warrant it. A vii ' this rule
shall be punishable by the infliction of a fine of fifty dollars
for each day the rule is violated
The Turnstile Count.
SEC. 50. The number of persons admitted to the
grounds shall be determined by the use ni the necessary
number of self-registering turnstiles, the arms of which
shall extend within four inches of a dividing partition, the
keys of which shall be delivered to the agent of the visit-
ing club before the opening of the grounds for each game;
and said agent of the visiting club shall have full access
to such turnstile, and the box of such turnstile shall not be
removed until after the close of the seventh inning, and in
case a carriage gate is used a ticket for each person ad-
mitted through such gate shall at once be delivered to the
agent of the visiting club. The visiting club shall have
'lie right to accept the turnstile count for each and all
games, or to count all tickets. Each club shall be required
to use for its business tickets, with rain checks attached,
which have been approved by the League and which can
be readily counted. At the 'conclusion of each game the
viHiing club shall receive a copy of the ticket sale state-
SEC. 51. No p crson shalj he admitted free to a cham-
pionship game, except players ami officers of contesting
clubs, umpires, policemen in uniform, necessary employes
pi the home dub. representatives of the i>:ess and such
invited guests as the President of the home club may
deem proper to recognize, all of whom must pass through
a self-registering turnstile at the special entrance provided
for the press, and said turnstile shrill he subject to the
•one right of i n bj the visiting club that is pro-
vided in all other cntrai:
. '• It shall be the duty of the President of the League to
inspect all hall parks from time to lime, and to report to
the Board of Directors any failure to comply with this
or any other section of the Constitution.
Stopping Play to Catch Trains.
SEC. 52. (in any day when either club is required to
leave a city to. or ill order to reach another city in time,
where it is scheduled to play its next game, the home club
shall be compelled, upon proper notice by the visiting
club, to begin the game three hours and a half before the
tune of the departure of the last train by means of which
either club can reach next scheduled point in time. And
either club may leave the field at any lime within one hour
of said train time without forfeiting any rights or privi-
leges, provided five innings on each side have been played,
and the umpire shall he the sole judge of the lime.
Giving out Admission Checks.
SEC. 53. In the event of a game being topped by rain
or declared forfeited before completion of five innings, the
home cluh may issue admission checks good for the next
succeeding same. If such cluck-, are o i ued, the visit-
ing cluh shall not he entitled to its percentage of receipt-;
but if such checks are not issued the visiting club shall
be entitled to its percentage of receipts, precisely as if the
game had been fully pl.v
SEC. 54. A club shall be entitled to forfeited games —
to count in its series as games won by a Score of nine
runs to none — in case where the umpire in any champion
ship game shall award the game to BUch club nil account
of the violation by the contesting club of any section of
this Constitution or of any playing rules. In the event of a
forfeiture for any reason, the forfeiting club shall incur
such penalty not exceeding one thousand dollars as may bo
imposed by tin- Board of Director- after a hearing held
within one week from the date of such game, and any
damages suffered by the non < club -hall be paid
out of stub penalty. In addition to the penalty above re.
ferred to. the captain or manager, or the person in charge
of the offending team and responsible for the team hav-
ing the field, shall incur a penalty of one hundred dollars,
which shall be paid within five days to the Secretary of the
1 ■ I'd penalty not to be remitted under any circum-
stances. l n ea-c Mich penalties are not paid within ten
being imposed, the club and player cannot par-
ticipate in a championship game.
SEC. 55. Drawn, tie and | -hall not
count m the series as gan nv game of not less than
five inning- shall be included in the averages I. but inii-l
be played off. if possibli id.d in Seen,,,, 4; If
cannot be played off. .-, provided, the)
subsequently be played off. • before
the close of the season.
Double games for one admission shall not be permitted
unless previously scheduled as such or rendered compul-
sory by the playing off of postponed games, as provided in
Winning the Pennant.
SEC. 56. The club which shall have won the greatest
percentage of games in the championship series, shall be
declared the champion club of the United States, for the
season in which such games were played. In the event
that two or more clubs shall have won the same per-
centage of games, then the Board shall at once arrange a
special series of three games between any two of such
clubs, such games to be played at the close of the cham-
pionship season, and the games so played shall be included
in the championship record, and counted in determining
the award of the championship. In such case only the pro-
visions of this Constitution prohibiting the playing or re-
cording as championship games, games played after the ex-
piration of the championship season, shall have no effect.
The emblem of the championship shall be a pennant (of
the National colors) to cost not less than one hundred
dollars ($100). It shall be inscribed with the motto,
"Champion Base Ball Club of the United States," with the
name of the club and the year in which the title was won,
and the champion club shall he entitled to fly the pennant
until the close of the ensuing year.
Deciding the Championship.
SEC. 57. The championship shall be decided in the
following manner: Within twenty-four hours after every
match game played for the championship, the home club
shall prepare and forward to the Secretary of the League
a statement containing the full score of the game, accord
ing to the system specified in the Playing Rules, together
with the date, the place where played, the name of the
clubs and umpire, provided that no tie or drawn game shall
be considered a game for any purpose except the aver-
uhI provided, further, that in any case where the
etary shall not receive the score of a championship
game within live days after the playing of such game, the
club whose duty it is to forward such score shall pay to
the League the sum of $2 as the penalty of such default.
At the close of the' season the Secretarv shall prepare a
tabular statement of the games won and lost by each club,
according to the statement so sent him, which statement
shall be the sole evidence in the matter, and .submit the
same, with the statement so sent him, to the Board, which
shall make the award in writing, and report the same to
the League at its annual meeting.
In making the award the Board shall consider:
1. The tabular statement of the Secretary.
2. Forfeited games.
3. Games participated in by clubs which have with-
drawn, disbanded or forfeited their membership without
completing their championship scries with all other League
clubs, such games shall be counted to the following extent:
The Board shall ascertain the least number of cham-
pionship games played by such club with any club remain-
ing in the League, and shall from the first game partici-
pated in during the championship scries by such retired
club, count in the scries of each League club a similar
number of games, and all other games participated in by
such retired club shall not be counted in the championship
series. Provided, that if such retired club shall have
failed to play at least one championship game with every
League club, all games participated in by it shall be thrown
SEC. 58. The annual meeting of the League shall be
held on the second Tuesday in December of each year at
two o'clock P. M. in New York City. Adjourned meet-
ings of the annual meeting may be held at other places,
and at such times as shall be determined by resolution of
the National League or its Board of Directors from lime
SEC. 59. Special meetings may be called by the Presi-
dent of tin- League on his own option or on the _ written
call of six clubs, or a majority of the Board of Directors,
at such times and places as they may from time to time
SEC. 60. At such meeting each club shall be repre-
sented and shall be entitled to two representatives, and
to have in addition thereto any of its officers or ex-officers
present at such meetings; but no club shall he permitted to
send as a representative any person under contract or
engagement as a ball player or manager, and belonging to
the nine of said club in such capacity They shall, if re-
quested by any other club representative, present a certifi-
cate of their appointment duly attested by at least two
officers of their club showing (heir authority to act, but no
club shall have more than one vote.
SEC. 61. This League may, upon a majority vote of its
members, elect to go into executive session for the trans-
action of its business, and during such session no club
shall be entitled to more than two representatives.
SEC. 62. A representation of a majority of clubs shall
constitute a quorum for the transaction of business, but a
less number may adjourn from time to time until a quorum
is obtained. When obtained it may be maintained by lock-
ing the doors of the meeting room, the appointment of
doorkeepers and such other procedures usual in parliamen-
tary bodies to maintain quorums and dispatch business.
Order of Business.
SEC. 63. The following shall be the order of business
unless suspended by a three-fourths vote of the club mem-
i. Reading minutes of last meeting.
2. Report of Board of Directors.
3. Report of Committees.
4. Report of President.
5. Election of New Members.
6. Election of Officers.
7. Amendment of Constitution.
8. Adoption of Playing Rules,
o. Miscellaneous Business.
SEC. 64. (1) The Constitution of this League may be
altered or amended by a three-fourths vote of the League
at any annual meeting, or by a unanimous vote at any
other time. Provided, however, that this section and Sec-
tions 3, 8, 0, 38, 48 shall not be altered or amended ex-
cept by a unanimous vote of this League. (2) Any sec-
tion of this Constitution may Ik- suspended or its provision
made non-applicable by unanimous vote at a League
CORRECT DIAGRAM OF A BALL FIELD
Ehlakued Section Showing &
Official Playing Rules Professional
Base Ball Clubs
As adopted at the meeting of the Joint Playing Rules Committee of the
National League and the American League, held at National
League Headquarters, New York City, March 2, 1904.
Amended February 14, 190C; February 25, 1907;
February 27, 1908. and February 17, 1909.
Amendments indicated by Italics
The Ball Ground.
The ball ground must be enclosed. To ob-
RULE 1. viate the necessity for ground rules, the
shortest distance from a fence or stand on
fair territory to the home base should be 235 feet and from
home base to the grand stand 90 feet.
To Lay Off the Field.
To lay off the lines defining the location
RULE 2. of the several bases, the catcher's and the
pitcher's position and to establish the boun-
daries required in playing the game of base ball, proceed as
Diamond or Infield.
From a point, A. within the grounds, project a straight
line oul into the field, and at a point, B, 154 feet from point
A, lay off lines B C and P. D at right angles to the line
A B; then, with B as a center and 63.63945 feet as a radius,
describe arcs cutting the lines 1? A at F and B C at G, B D
at 1 1 and B E at I. Draw lines F G,G E, E H, and II F,
which said lines shall be the containing lines of the Dia-
mond or Infield.
The Catcher's Lines.
With F as a center and 10 feet radius, de-
RULE 3. scribe an arc cutting line F A at L, and
draw lines L M and L O at right angles
to F A, and continue same out from F A not less than
The Foul Lines.
From the intersection point, F, continue
RULE 4. the straight lines F G and F H until they
intersect the lines L M and L O, and then
from the points G and J 1 in the opposite direction until
they reach the boundary lines of the ground, and said lines
shall be clearly visible from any part of the diamond, and
no wood or other hard substance shall be used in the con-
struction of such lines.
The Players' Lines.
With F as center and 50 feet radius,
RULE 5. describe arcs cutting lines F O and F M
at P and Q ; then, with F as center again
and 75 feet radius, describe arcs cutting F G and F i 1 at
R and S ; then, from the points P, Q, R and S draw lines
at right angles to the lines F O, F M, 1'' G and F II. and
continue the same until they intersect at the points '1
The Coachers' Lines.
With R and S as centers and 15 feet
RULE 6. radius, describe arcs cutting the lines R \V
and S T at X and V and from tin- points
X and Y draw lines parallel with the lines F II and F G,
and continue same out to the boundary lines of the ground.
The Three-Foot Line.
With F as a center and 45 feet radius,
RULE 7. describe an arc culling the line I'' G at i.and
from I to the distance of three feet draw a
line at right angles to F G. and marked point 2; then from
point 2, draw a line parallel with tin- line l ; G to a point
three feet beyond tin point G, marked 3; then from the
point 3 draw a line at right angles to line 2, 3, back to
and intersecting with F G, and from thence back along the
line G F to point 1.
The Batsman's Lines.
On eith( of the line A F B de-
RULE 8. scribe two parallelograms six feet long and
four feet wide (marked ,S and 01. their
longest side bring parallel with the line A F I!, their
distance apart being six inches added to each end of the
length of the diagonal of the square within the angle F,
and the center of their length being on said diagonal.
The Pitcher's Plate.
Section i. With point F as center and
RULE 9. 60.5 feet as radius, describe an arc cutting
the line F I! at line 4, and draw a line 5, 6,
passing through point 4 and extending 12 inches on either
side of line F 1! ; then with line 5, 6, as a side, describe a
parallelogram 24 inches by 6 inches, in which shall be lo-
cated the pitcher's plate.
Sec. 2. The pitcher's plate shall not be more than 15
inches higher than the base lines or the home plate, which
shall be level with the surface of the field, and the slope
from the pitcher's plate to every base line and the home
plate shall be gradual.
Section i. Within the angle F, describe
RULE 10. a five-sided figure, two of the sides of which
shall coincide with the lines F G and F H
to the extent of 12 inches each, thence parallel with the
line F B 8j/> inches to the points X and Y, a straight line
between which, 17 inches, will form the front of the home
base or plate.
Sec. 2. Within the angles at G, I and H describe
squares, whose sides are 15 inches in length, two of such
sides ot which squares shall lie along the lines F G and
G I, G I and I II, I II and II F, which squares shall be
the location of the first, second and third bases respectively.
The Home Base at F and the Pitcher's
RULE 11. Plate at 4 must each be of whitened rubber,
and so fixed in the ground as to be even
with its surface.
The First Base at G, the Second Base
RULE 12. at E, and the Third Base at H must each
be a white canvas bag filled with soft ma-
terial and securely fastened in place at the points specified
in Rule 10.
The lines described in Rules 3, 4, 5, 6, 7,
RULE 13. and 8 must be marked with lime, chalk or
other white material, easily distinguishable
from the ground or grass.
Section i. The ball must weigh not less
RULE 14. than five nor more than five and one-quar-
ter ounces avoirdupois, and measure not
less than nine nor more than nine and one -quarter inches
in circumference. The Spalding National League Ball or
the Reach American League Ball must be used in all
games played under these rules.
Sec. 2. Two regulation balls of the make adopted by
the league of which the contesting clubs are members,
shall be delivered by the home club to the umpire at or
before the hour for the commencement of a championship
game. If the ball placed in play be batted or thrown out
of the grounds or into one of the stands for spectators
or in the judgment of the umpire, become unfit for play
from any cause, the umpire shall at once deliver the alter-
nate ball to the pitcher and another legal ball shall be sup-
plied to him, so that he shall at all times have in In
trol one or more alternate balls. Provided, however, that
all balls batted or thrown out of the ground or into a stand
shall when returned to the field be niven into the custody
of the umpire immediately and become alternate balls and
so long as he has in his possession two or more alternate
balls, he shall not call for a new ball to replace one that has
gone out of play. The alternate balls shall become the ball
in play in the order in which they were delivered to the
Sec. 3. Immediately upon the delivery to him of the
alternate ball by the umpire, the pitcher shall take his posi-
tion and on the call of "Play," by the umpire, it shall be-
come the ball in play. Provided, however, that play shall
not be resumed with the .alternate ball when a fair batted
ball or a ball thrown by a fielder goes out of the ground
or into a stand for have
completed the circuit of the bases unless compelled to stop
at second or third base in compliance with a ground
The Spalding league Bull lias bean adopted by th« National League
ror the past thirty-two years an. I I used In all toe League eonts i li
has also been adopted by tn( . majority .,1' other professional leaffU
by practically all thc colleges.
For junior clubs (clubs composed of boys under 1G years of age) we
recommend them to use thc Spalding Boys' league Hall, and that games
Waved by junior cubs with this ball will count as legal games the same
as if played with the Official League Hall
Discolored or Damaged Balls.
Sec. 4. In the event of a ball being intentionally dis-
colored by rubbing it with the soil or otherwise by any
player, or otherwise damaged by any player, the umpire
shall, upon appeal by the captain of the opposite side,
forthwith demand the return of that ball and substitute for
it another legal ball, as hereinbefore described, and impose
a fine of $5.00 on the offending player.
Home Club to Provide Balls.
Sec. 5. In every game the balls played with shall be
furnished by the home club, and the last in play shall
become the property of the winning club. Each ball shall
be enclosed in a paper box, which must be sealed with
the seal of the Secretary of the League and bear his certifi-
cate that he has examined, measured and weighed the ball
contained therein and that it is of the required standard in
all respects. The seal shall not be broken by the umpire
except in the presence of the captains of the contesting
teams after "Play" has been called.
Reserve Balls on Field.
Sec. 6. The home club shall have at least a dozen reg-
ulation balls on the field during each championship game,
ready for use on the call of the umpire.
The bat must be round, not over two and
RULE 15. three-fourth inches in diameter at the thick-
est part, nor more than 42 inches in length
and entirely '>f hardwood, except that for a distance of
iS inches from the end, twine may be, wound around or
a granulated substance applied to the handle.
Number of Players in a Game.
The players of each club, actively en-
RULE 16. gaged in a game at one time, shall be nine
in number, one of whom shall act as cap-
tain; and in no case shall mure' or less than nine men be
allowed to play on a side in a game.
Positions of the Players.
The players may be stationed at any points
RULE 17. of the field their captain may elect, regard-
less of their respective positions, except
that the pitcher, while in the act of delivering the ball to
the bat, must take his position as defined in Rules 9 and
30; and the catcher must be within the lines of his position
as defined in Rule 3 and within 10 feel of home base, when-
ever the pitcher delivers the ball to the bat.
Must Not Mingle With Spectators.
Players in uniform shall not be permit-
RULE 18. ted to occupy scats in the stands, or to
mingle with the spectators.
Uniforms of Players.
Every club shall adopt two uniforms for
RULE 19. its players, one to be worn in games at
home and the other in games abroad, and
the suits of each of the uniforms of a team shall conform
in color and style. No player who shall attach anything
to the sole or heel of his shoe other than the ordinary base
ball shoe plate, or who shall appear in a uniform not con-
forming to the suits of the other members of his team,
shall be permitted to take part in a game.
Size and Weight of Gloves.
The catcher or first baseman may wear a
RULE 20. glove or mitt of any size, shape or weight.
Every other player is restricted to the use
of a glove or mitt weighing not over 10 ounces and meas-
uring not over 14 inches around the palm.
Section i. Players' benches must be fur-
RULE 21. rushed by the home club and placed upon
a portion of the ground not less than twen
ty-fivc (25) feet outside of the players' lines. < >ne such
bench shall be for the exclusive use of the visiting team
and the other for the exclusive use of the home team.
Each bench must be covered with a roof and closed at the
back and each end; a space, however, not more than six
(6) inches wide may be left under the roof for ventilation.
All players and substitutes of the side at bat mtist be
seated on their team's bench, except the batsman, base-
runners and such as arc legally assigned t" oqactl base-
runners. Under no circumstances shall the umpire permit
any person except the players and substitutes in uniform
and the manager of the team entitled to its exclusive use
to be seated on a bench.
Penalty for Violation.
Sec. 2. Whenever the umpire observes a violation
of the preceding section, he shall immediately order
such player or players as have disregarded it to be
seated. If the order be not obeyed within one minute the
offending player or players shall be fined $5.00 each by the
Umpire. If the order be not then obeyed within one minute,
the offending player or players shall be debarred from
further participation in the game, and shall be obliged to
forthwith leave the playing field.
A Regulation Game.
Every championship game must be com-
RULE 22. menced not later than two hours before
sunset and shall continue until each team
has had nine innings, provided, however, that the game
shall terminate :
Section i. If the side first at bat scores less runs in nine
innings than the other side has scored in eight innings.
Sec. 2. If the side last at bat in the ninth inning scores
the winning run before the third man is out.
Sec. 3. If the game be called by the umpire on account
of darkness, rain, lire, panic, or for other cause which puts
patrons or players in peril.
If the score be a tic at the end of nine
RULE 23. (9) innings for each team, play shall be
continued until one side has scored more
runs than the other in an equal number of innings, pro-
vided, that if the side last at bat score the winning run
before the third man is out in any inning after the ninth,
the game shall terminate.
A drawn game shall be declared by the
RULE 24. umpire if the score is equal on the last
even inning played when he terminates
play in accordance with Rule 22, Section 3, after five or
more equal innings have been played by each team. But
if the side that went second to bat is at the bat when the
game is terminated, and has scored the same number of
runs as the other side, the umpire shall declare the game
drawn without regard to the score of the last equal inning.
If the umpire calls a game in accordance
RULE 25. with Rule 22, Section j, at any lime after live
innings have been completed, the score
shall be that of the last equal innings played, except that
if the side second at bat shall have scored in an unequal
number of innings, or before the completion of the un-
finished inning, at least one run more than the side first at
bat, the score of the game shall be the total number of runs
each team has made.
A forfeited game shall be declared by the
RULE 26. umpire in favor of the club not in fault, in
the following cases:
Section i. If the team of a club fail to appi at upon the
field, or being upon tin field, refuse to begin a game for
which it is scheduled or assigned, within live minutes after
the umpire has called "Play" at the hour lor the beginning
of the game, unless such delay in appearing, or in com-
mencing the game, be unavoidable.
Sec. 2. If, after the game has begun, one side refuse to
continue to play, unless the game lias been suspended or
terminated by the umpire.
Sec. 3. If, after play has been suspended by the umpire,
one side fails to resume playing in one minute after the
umpire has called "Play."
Sec. 4. If a team employ tactics palpably designed to
delay the y
Sec. 5. If, after warning by the umpire, any one of the
rules of the game he wilfully and persistently violated.
Ski-. 6. If the order for the removal of a player, as
authorized by Rules 21, 58 and 64, be not obeyed within
Sec. 7. If, because of the removal of players from the
game by the umpire, or for any cause, there be less than
nine players on either team.
_ Sec. 8. If, when two games are scheduled to be played
in one afternoon, the second game b
within ten minutes of tli,. tin,,; of ih.- completion of the
first game. 1 he umpire of the first game shall be the
, Se £- °- In case the umpire declare the game forfeited,
ne shall transmit a written report thereof to the president
of the League within twenty-four hours thereafter. How-
ever, a failure on the part of the umpire to so notify the
president shall not affect the validity of his award of the
game by forfeiture.
phi _ - "No game" shall be declared by the um-
LE *?' P're if he terminates play in accordance with
, Rule 22, Sec. 3, before five innings are com-
pleted by each team. Provided, however, that if the club
second at bat shall have made more runs at the end of
its fourth inning than the club first at bat has made in five
completed innings of a game so terminated, the umpire
shall award the game to the club having made the greater
number of runs, and it shall count as a legal game in the
Section i. Each side shall be required
RULE 28. to have present on the field during a cham-
pionship game a sufficient number of sub-
stitute players in uniform, conforming to the suits worn
by their team-mates, to carry out the provisions of this
code which requires that not less than nine players shall
occupy the field in any inning of the game.
Sec. 2. Any such substitute may at any stage of the
game take the place of a player whose name is in his
team's batting order, but the "player whom he succeeds
shall not thereafter participate in that game.
Sec. 3. A base-runner shall not have another player
whose name appears in the batting order of his team run
for him except by the consent of the captain of the other
Choice of Innings — Fitness of Field for Play.
The choice of innings shall be given to
RULE 29. the captain of the home club, who shall be
the sole judge of the fitness of the ground
for beginning a game after a rain; but, after play has been
called by the umpire, he alone shall be the judge as to the
fitness of the ground for resuming play after the game has
been suspended on account of rain, and when time is so
called the ground-keeper and sufficient assistants shall be
under the control of the umpire for the purpose of putting
the ground in proper shape for play, under penalty of
forfeiture of the game by the home team.
THE PITCHING RULES.
Delivery of the Ball to the Bat.
Preliminary to pitching, the pitcher shall
RULE 30. take his position facing the batsman with
both feet squarely on the ground and in
front of the pitcher's plate; and in tl ■'. lb*
ball to the bat he mus1 keep one foot in contact with the
pitcher's plate defined in Rule 9, He shall BOl raise cither
foot until in the act of delivering the ball to the bat, nor
make more than one step in such deli
A Fairly Delivered Ball.
A fairly delivered ball is a ball pitched
RULE 31. or thrown to the bat by the pitcher while
standing in his position and facing the bats-
man that passes over any portion of the horn.- base, b
touching the ground, not lower than the b knee,
nor higher than his shoulder. For even such fairly deliv-
ered ball the umpire shall call one strike.
An Unfairly Delivered Ball.
An unfairly delivered ball is a ball dc-
RULE 32. livered to the hat by the pitcher while
man that does not p my portion of the home base
between the batsman's should) or thai touches
the ground before passing hot truck al '
batsman For every unfairly I ball the umpire
shall call one ball.
Delaying the Game.
riii p m ■ Section '• If, after the batsman be stand-
MULE 33. i„g in his pr. .;. kc at
a pitched ball, the hall be thrown by the
pitcher to any player other than thi when in
the catcher's lines and within 10 feet of the home base (ex-
cept m an attempt to retire a base rannei 1. each b
thrown shall be 1 ball.
,. Se<; - 2. The umpire shall call a ball on the pitcher each
time he delays the game by failing to deliver the b
the batsman lor a longer period t! excepting
mat at the commencement of each inning, or whi n •• i>"' ''
cr relieves another, the pitchi 1 minute in
aehvmng not to exceed fi\ het "r an
"welder, during which time play shall be suspended.
Sec. 3. In event of the pitcher bring taken from the game
by either manager or captain, the player substituted lor him
shall continue' to pitch until the batsman then at bat has
either been put out or has reached first base.
A balk shall be: . .
RULE 34. SECTION I. Any motion made by the
pitcher while in position to deliver the ball
to the bat without delivering it, or to throw to first base
when occupied by a base runner without completing the
Sec. 2. Throwing the ball by the pitcher to any base to
catch the base runner without stepping directly toward
such base in the act of making such throw.
Sec. 3. Any deliverv of the ball to the bat by the pitcher
While either foot is back of the pitcher s plate.
Sec. 4. Any delivery of the ball to the bat by the pitcher
while he is not facing the batsman. .
Sec 5. Any motion in delivering the ball to ' ic . b ' 1 ' by
the pitcher while not in the position defined by Kute so-
Sec. 6. 1 [olding of the ball by the pitcher so long as in
the opinion of the umpire, to unnecessarily delay tne game ;.
Sec. 7. Making any motion to pitch while standing m his
position without having the ball in his POfsesston.
Sec 8. Making any motion of the arm. £°f% T iW™
body the pitcher habitually make, in his method of delivery,
without immediately delivering the ball to the tot.
Sec o. Delivery of the ball to the ba when to (catcher
is standing outside the lines of the catchers position as
^I'piX U fail to complv with -he recuirements
of any section of this rule, the umpire shall call a balk.
Dead Ball. .
A dead ball is a ball delivered to to sbtf
RULE 35. by the pitcher, not struck at by the bats
,,,„, tha a "y partof th« bats
m «»' i clothing "■; Ii :i ir "'„ ni;!i'ofti^
or th ing or getting beyond the control o e
catcher touches any part of the clothing or person ol tne
umpire while he is on foul ground.
Ball Not in Play. ,
[„case of a foul strike, foul hit ball not
RULE 36. leJal. caught, dead ball, *g*ffi££
the fielder or batsman, or a "wtatMiMBn
•ng a base runner, the ball shall not be conadered in play
until it be held by the pitcher standing in his position, and
the umpire shall have called " Play."
Section i. A block is a batted or thrown
RULE 37. ball that is touched, stopped or bandied by
a person not engaged in the game.
bEC. 2. Whenever a block occurs the umpire shall de-
clare it, and base runners may run the bases without liabil-
ity to be put out until the ball has been returned to and
held by the pitcher in his position.
Sec. 3, If the person not engaged in the game should
retain possession of a blocked ball, or throw or kick it
beyond the reach of the fielders, the umpire shall call
i lme and require each base runner to stop at the base
last touched by him until the ball be returned to the pitcher
in his position and the umpire shall have called •'Play."
THE BATTING RULES.
The Batsman's Position.
ii player of the side at bat shall be-
come the batsman and must take his posi-
tion within the batsman's lines (as defined
in Rule 8) in the order that his name appears in his team's
The Order of Batting.
Section 1. The batting order of each team
must be delivered before the game by its cap-
tain to the umpire, who shall submit it to the
inspection of the captain of the other side. The batting order
klivered to the umpire must be followed throughout the
game unless a player be substituted for another, in which
case the substitute must take the place in the batting order
of the retired player.
Sec. 2. When the umpire announces the pitcher prior
to commencement of name, the player announced must pitch
first base " lan has cUht:r / " r " /"'' '"" ' '" >""■ >ea<hed
The First Batsman in an Inning.
rui p a.n A fUr ,hc first hming the first striker in
w. eacj, Illning s|) . ill |jc . ih h|i ma|| whose
™ m „i . i u- !! amc fo,lows that of the last man who
completed his time at bat ' in the preceding inning.
Players Belong on Bench.
When a side goes to the bat its players
RULE 41. must immediately seat themselves on the
bench assigned to them as defined in Rule
21, and remain there until their side is put out, except
when called to the bat or to act as coachers or substitute
Reserved for Umpire, Catcher and Batsman.
No player of the side "at bat," except the
RULE 42. batsman, shall occupy any portion of the
space within the catcher's lines as defined
in Rule 3. The triangular space back of the home base is
reserved for the exclusive use of the umpire, catcher and
batsman, and the umpire must prohibit any player of the
side "at bat" from crossing the same at any time while the
ball is in the hands of the pitcher or catcher, or passing
between them while standing in their positions.
Fielder Has Right of Way.
The players of the side at bat must
RULE 43. speedily abandon their bench and hasten
to another part of the field when by remain-
ing upon or near it thev or any of them would interfere
with a fielder in an attempt to catch or handle a thrown
or a batted ball.
A Fair Hit.
A fair hit is a legally batted ball that
RULE 44. settles on fair ground between home and
first base or between home and third base
or that is on fair ground when bounding to the outfield
past first or third base or that first falls on fair territory
beyond first or third base or that, while on or over fair
ground, touches the person of the umpire or a player.
A Foul Hit.
A foul hit is a legally batted ball that
RULE 45. settles on foul territory between home and
first base or home and third base, or that
bounds past first or third base on foul territory or that
falls .,,1 foul territory beyond first or third base or, whtle
on or over foul ground, touches the person of the umpire
or a player.
A Foul Tip.
A foul tip is a ball batted by the bats-
man while standing within the lines of his
position, that goes sharp and direct from
the bat to the catcher's hands and is legally caught.
A Bunt Hit.
A bunt hit is a legally batted ball, not
RULE 47. swung at, but met with the bat and tapped
slowly within the infield by the batsman.
If the attempt to bunt result in a foul not legally caught, a
strike shall be called by the umpire.
Balls Batted Outside the Ground.
Section i. When a batted ball passes
RULE 48. outside the ground or into a stand the um-
pire shall decide it fair or foul according to
where it disappears from the umpire's view.
Sec. 2. A fair batted ball that goes over the fence or
into a stand shall entitle the batsman to a home run unless
it should pass out of the ground or into a stand al a less
distance than two hundred and thirty-five (235) feet from
the home base, in which case the batsman shall be entitled
to two bases only. The point at which a fence or stand
is less than 2.35 feet from the home base shall be plainly
indicated by a white or black sign or mark for the urn-
pires guidance. strikes _
A strike is:
RULE 49. SECTION i. A pitched ball struck at by
the batsman without its touching his bat; or,
Sec. 2. A fair ball legally delivered by the pitcher at
which the batsman .lor- not strike.
She. 3, A foul hit ball not caught on the fly unless the
batsman has two strikes.
Skc 4. An attempt to bunt which results in a foul not
Sec. 5. A pitched ball, at which the batsman strikes but
misses and which totichefl any part of his person.
Sec. 6. A foul tip, held by tin- catcher, while standing
within the lines of his position.
A "Foul Strike" is a ball battel by the
batsman when either or both of hi, feet is
upon the ground outside the lines of the
When Batsman is Out.
The batsman is out :
RULE 51. Section t. If he fail to take his position
at the bat in the order in which his name
appears nn the batting list unless the error be discovered
and the proper batsman replace him before he become a base
runner, in which case, the balls and strikes called must
mnted in the time "at bat" of the proper batsman.
But only the proper batsman shall be declared out, and
no runs shall be scored or bases run because of any act
of the improper batsman. Provided, this rule shall not be
enforced unless the out be declared before the ball be de-
livered to the succeeding batsman. Should the batsman
declared out under this section be the third hand out and
his side be thereby put out, the proper batsman in the next
inning shall be the player who would have come to bat
had the players been put out by ordinary play in the pre-
Sec. 2. If he fail to take his position within one minute
after the umpire has called for the batsman.
Sec. 3. If he make a foul hit other than a foul tip, as de-
fined in Rule 46, and the ball be momentarily held by a
fielder before touching the ground; provided, it be not
caught in a fielder's cap, protector, pocket or other part
of his uniform, or strike some object other than a fielder be-
fore being caught.
Sfx. 4. If he make a foul strike, as defined in Rule SO.
SEC 5. If he attempt to binder the catcher from fielding
or throwing the ball by stepping outside the lines of the
batsman's position, or in any way obstructing or interfer-
ing with that pla
SEC. o If while first base be occupied by a base runner,
the third strike be called on him by the umpire, unless two
men are ut. ., , . „ .
Sec. 7. I [tempting a third strike, the ball touch
any part of the batsman in "Inch case base run-
ners occupying bases shall not advance as prescribed in
Rule 55, Section 5.
Sec. 8. If. before two hands are out. while first and
second or first, second and third bases arc occupied, he
hit a fiv ball, other than a line drive, that can be handled
by an infieldcr. In such case the umpire shaU, as soon as
.. declare it an infield or outfield hit.
Sec 0. If the third strike be called in accordance with
Sections 4 or 5 of Rule 49-
Sec. io. If lie steps from one batsman's box to the other
after the pitcher has taken his position.
BASE RUNNING RULES.
Legal Order of Bases.
The Base Runner must touch each base
RULE 52. in legal order, viz., First, Second, Third
and Home Bases; and when obliged to re-
turn while the ball is in play, must retouch the base or
bases in reverse order, lie can only acquire the right to a
base by touching it, before having been put out, and shall
then be entitled to hold such base until he has legally
touched the next base in order, or has been legally forced
to vacate it for a succeeding base runner. However, no
base runner shall score a run to count in the game ahead
of the base runner preceding him in the batting order, if
there be such preceding base runner who has not been put
out in that inning.
When the Batsman Becomes a Base-Runner.
The batsman becomes a base runner:
RULE 53. Section i. Instantly after he makes a
Sec. 2. Instantly after "Four Balls" have been called by
Sec. 3. Instantly after "Three Strikes" have been de-
• lared by the umpire.
Sec. 4. If, without making any attempt to strike at the
ball, his person or clothing be hit by a pitched ball unless,
in the opinion of the umpire he plainly make no effort
to get out of the way of the pitched ball
SEC 5- I»" the catcher interfere with him in or prevent
him from striking at a pitched ball.
Sec. 6. If a fair hit ball strike the person or clothing of
the umpire or a base runner on fair ground.
Entitled to Bases.
The base runner shall be entitled, with-
RULE 54. out liability to be put out, to advance a base
in the following cases :
Sei iron i. If, while the batsman, he becomes a base
runner by reason of "fonr balls" or for being hit by a
pitched ball, or for being interfered with to the catcher in
striking at a pitched ball.
Sec. 2. If the umpire awards to a succeeding batsman a
base on four balls, or for being hit by a pitched ball, or
being interfered with by the catcher in striking at a pitched
ball and the base runner be thereby forced to vacate the
base held by him.
Sue. 3. If the umpire call a "Balk."
Sec. 4. If a ball delivered by the pitcher pass the catcher
and touch the umpire or any fence or building within
ninety (yo) feet of the home base.
Sec. 5. If he be prevented from making a base by the
obstruction of a fielder, unless the latter have the ball in
his hand ready to touch the base runner.
Sec. 6. If the fielder stop or catch a batted ball with
his cap, glove or any part of his uniform, while detached
from its proper place on his person.
Returning to Bases.
The base runner shall return to his base
RULE 55. without liability to be put out:
Section i. If the umpire declares any foul
not legally caught.
Sec. 2. If the umpire declares a foul strike.
Sec. 3, If the umpire declares a dead ball, unless it bf
also the fourth unfair ball, and he be thereby forced to takt
the next base, as provided in Rule SI- Section 2.
Sec. 4. If the person or clothing of the umpire inter-
fere with the catcher in an attempt to throw or the umpire
be struck by a ball thrown by the catcher or other fielder
to intercept a base runner.
Sec. 5. If a pitched ball at which the batsman strikes
but misses, touch any part of the batsman's person.
Sec. 6. In anv and all of these cases the base runner is
not required to touch the intervening bases 111 returning to
the base he is legally entitled to.
When Base Runners are Out.
The base runner is out:
RULE 56. Section 1. If. after three strikes have
been declared against him while the batsman,
the third strike ball be not legally caught and he plainly
attempts to hinder the catcher from fielding the ball.
Sec. 2. If, having made a fair hit while batsman, such
fair hit ball be momentarily held by a fielder before touch-
ing the ground or any object other than a fielder; pro-
srided, it be not caught in a fielder's hat, cap, protector,
pocket or other part of his uniform.
Sec. 3. If, when the umpire has declared "Three
Strikes on him while the batsman, the third strike ball
be momentarily held by a fielder before touching the
ground; provided, it be not caught in a fielder's cap,
protector, pocket or other part of his uniform, or touch
some object other than a fielder before being caught
-.if C :. 4 ' J\', * itcT , tnrcc strikcs or :i f air hit, he be touched
with the ball in the hand of a fielder before he shall have
touched first base.
. SEC , 5 \ Vi after l nree strikes or a fair hit, the ball be
securely held by a fielder while touching first base with
any part of his person before such base runner touch first
Sec. 6. If, in running the last half of the distance from
home base to first base, while the ball is 1„ ed to
hrst base, he run outside the three foot lit efined
(Tij u 7 ' T?!,™ do so t0 avoid a nelder attempting to
field a batted ball.
Sec 7. If, in running from first to second base, from
second to third base, or from third to horn run
■nore than three feet from a direct line betweei
.met the next one in regular or reverse order to avoid be-
ing touched by a ball in the hands of a fielder. But in
a neldcr be occupying a base runner's proper path in
attempting to field a batted ball, then the base runni r shall
• un out of direct line to the next base and behind
fielder and shall not be declared out for so doing.
, u*f: it. \, ■ f:ul t0 avoid a fielder attempting to field
a batted ball, in the manner d in Sections 6 and 7
^ J;?/ V 0r m any wa y obstruct a fielder in attempting
LrV\> c ' lba,1 > or intentionally ii,t Kb a
nrown baU ; provided, that if two or more fielders attempt
to held a batted ball, and the base runner come in contact
thlh fi e , ? T " lore ? f them > thc umpire shall determine
SS? nnl A^A 3 I'""^" 1 "' ,h " l ""' ! '» " f *» ™le, : '" d
litb 2 fi 1A £" b:,SC Uln,K - r '' ; " ,: 'Ct
to L Jl' i 1 T " t]X r T , , tllan "'*' one th * ninp.re determines
to be entitled to held such batted ball
touch J^hv ii, at i a H y - tim . c Wi " is '" Play.
part of hV neball ' n,; of a fielder, m
OCCUDv • nr, ■ !T', n | b,: t ° UChin ,8 tl
fieWc J r i '
K&fcS the base runner deli.-
Sec. io. If, when a fair or foal hit ball (other than a
foul tip as defined in Rule 46) be legally caught by a
fielder, such ball be legally held by a fielder on the base
occupied by the base runner when such ball was batted,
or the base runner be touched with the ball in the hands
of a fielder, before be retouch such base after such fair or
foul hit ball was so caught; provided, that the base runner
shall not be out in such case, if, after the ball was legally
caught as above, it be delivered to the bat by the pitcher
the fielder hold it on said base, or touch the base
runner out with it; but if the base runner, in attempting
ch a base, detach it from its fastening before being
i or forced out, he shall be declared safe.
11. If, when the batsman becomes a base runner,
the first base, or the first and second bases, or the first,
1 anil third bases '■ a< d, any base runner so
occupying a base shall cease to be entitled to hold it, and
may be put out at the next base in the same manner as in
running to first base, or by being touched with the ball in
the hands of a fielder at any time before any base runner
following him in the b. order be put out, unless the
umpire should decide the hit of the batsman to be an m-
Sk. ij. If a fair hit ball strike him before touching
a fielder, and. in BUch Case, no base shall be run unless
nan becoming a base runner, but
no run shall be scored runner put out
until the umpire puts the ball back into play.
n. If. when advancing bases, or forced to return
to a base, while th< in play, he fail to touch the
intervening base or bases, if any. in the regular or reverse
order, as the case may be, he may be put out by the ball
being held by a fielder on any has- he failed to touch or
h ,1 by the ball in the hands of a fielder
m thi "i running to first base; proyicleti,
ill not be out in such case it he
ball b P« tchw h< tore the
. ho , d |, , runner with it.
,,. If, when the umpire call "I' r the sus-
l touch the tase
hen "Time" was called before touching the
, provided, the base numer shall not be out. in
delivered .-the bat b> he
• hold it on said base or touch the
base runner with it.
Sec. 15. If with one or no one out and a base runner on
third base, the batsman interferes with a play being made
at home plate.
Sec. 16. If he pass a base runner who is caught between
two bases, he shall be declared out immediately upon pass-
ing the preceding base runner.
Overrunning First Base.
Sec. 17. The base runner in running to first base may
overrun said base after touching it in passing without in-
curring liability to be out for being off said base, pro-
vided he return at once and retouch the base, after which
he may be put out as at any other base. If, after over-
running first base, he turn in the direction of or attempt
to run to second base, before returning to first base, he
shall forfeit such exemption from liability to be put out.
Sec. 18. If, before two hands are out and while third
base is occupied, the coacher stationed near that base shall
run in the direction of home base on or near the base line
while a fielder is making or trying to make a play on a
batted ball not caught on tin- fly, or on a thrown ball, and
thereby draws a throw to home base, the base runner en-
titled to third base shall he declared out by the umpire
for the coacher's interference with and prevention of the
Sec. 19. If one or more members of the team at bat
stand or collect at or around a base for which a base
runner is trying, thereby confusing the fielding side and
adding to the difficulty of making such play, the base run-
ner shall be declared out for the interference of his team
mate or team mates.
Sec. 20. If ho touch home base before a base runner pre-
ceding him in the batting order, if there be such preceding
base runner, lose his right to third base.
When Umpire Shall Declare an Out.
The umpire shall declare the batsman or
RULE 57. base runner out, without waiting for an ap-
peal for such decision, in all cases where
such player be put out in accordance with any of these
rules, except Sections 13 and 17 of Rule 56.
The coacher shall be restricted to coach-
RULE 58. ing th c base runner only, and shall not
address remarks except to the base runner,
and then only in words of assistance and direction in run
ning bases. lie shall not, by words or signs, incite or try
to incite the spectators to demonstrations, and shall not
use language which will in any manner refer to or reflect
upon a player of the opposite club, the umpire or the spec-
tators. Not more than two coachers, who must be players
in the uniform of the team at bat, shall be allowed to oc-
cupy the space between the players' and the coachers' lines,
one near first and the other near third base, to coach base
runners. If there be more than the legal number of coach-
ers or this rule be violated in any respect the captain of
the opposite side may call the attention of the umpire to
the offense, and thereupon the umpire must order the il-
legal coacher or coachers to the bench, and if his order
be not obeyed within one minute, the umpire shall assess a
fine of $5.00 against each offending player, and upon a
repetition of the offense, the offending player or players
shall be debarred from further participation in the game,
and shall leave the playing field forthwith.'
The Scoring of Runs.
One run shall be scored every time a
RULE 59. base runner, alter having legally touched
the first three bases, shall legally touch the
home base before three men are put out; provided, how-
ever, that if he reach home on or during a play in which
the third man be forced out or be put out before reaching
first base, a run shall not count. A force-out can be made
only when a base runner legally loses the right to the base
he occupies and is thereby obliged to advance.
UMPIRE AND HIS DUTIES.
Power to Enforce Decisions.
The umpire is the representative of the
RULE 60. League and as such is authorized and re-
quired to enforce each section of this code.
He shall have the power to order a player, captain or man-
ager to do or omit to do any act which in his judgment is
necessary to give force and effect to one or all of these
rules, and to inflict penalties for violations of the rules as
There shall be no appeal from any de-
RULE 61. cision of the umpire on the ground that he
was not correct in his conclusion as to
whether a batted ball was fair or foul, a base runner safe
or out, a pitched ball a strike or ball, or on any other
play involving accuracy of judgment, and no decision ren-
dered by him shall be reversed, except that he be con-
vinced that it is in violation of one of these rules. The
captain shall alone have the right to protest against a
decision and seek its reversal on a claim that it is in con-
flict with a section of these rules.
Must Not Question Decisions.
Under no circumstances shall a captain
RULE 62. or player dispute the accuracy of the um-
pire's judgment and decision on a play.
Clubs Can Not Change Umpire.
The umpire can not be changed during a
RULE 63. championship game by the consent of the
contesting clubs unless the official in charge
of the field be incapacitated from service by injury or ill-
Penalties for Violations of the Rules.
In all cases of violation of these rules, by
RULE 64. either player or manager, the penalty shall
be prompt removal of the offender from the
game and grounds, followed by a period of such suspension
from actual service in the club as the President of the League
may fix. In the event of removal of player or manager by
the umpire, he shall go direct to the club house and remain
there during progress of the game, or leave the grounds;
and a failure to do so will warrant a forfeiture of Hie game
by the umpire, [This rule shall be mandatory in the major
leagues, but in minor leagues and in anialcur contests a
fining system may be substituted.']
Umpire to Report Violations of the Rules.
The umpire shall within twelve hours
RULE 65. after fining or removing a player from the
game, forward to the president a report of
the penalty inflicted and the cause therefor.
Immediately upon being informed by the
RULE 66. umpire that a fine has been imposed upon
any manager, captain or player, the presi-
dent shall notify the person so fined and also the club of
which he is a member; and, in the event of the failure of
the person so fined to pay to the secretary of the League
the amount of said fine within five days after notice, he
shall be debarred from participating ii mpionship
game or from sitting on a player's bench during the prog-
ress of a championship game until such fine be paid.
When the offense of the player debarred
RULE 67. from the game be of a flagrant nature,
such as the use oi obscene language or an
assault upon a player or umpire, the umpire shall within
four hours thereafter forward to the president of the
League full particulars.
Warning to Captains.
The umpire shall notify both captains be-
RULE 68. fore the game, and in the presence of each
oilier, that all the playing rules will be-
strictly and impartially enforced, and warn them that fail-
ure on their part to co-operate in such enforcement will
result in offenders being fined, and, if necessary to pre-
serve discipline, debarred from the game.
On Ground Rules.
Before the commencement of a game the
RULE 69. umpire shall see that the rules governing
all the materials of the game are strictly
observed, lie shall ask the captain of the home club
whether there are any special ground rules, and if there
be he shall acquaint himself with them, advise the cap-
tain of the visiting team of their scope and see that each
is duly enforced, provided that it does not conflict with
any of these rules, and are acceptable to the captain of tin-
visiting, tea in. If the latter object to a proposed ground
rule, the umpire shall have authority to adopt or reject it.
The umpire shall call "Play" at the hour
RULE 70. appointed for the beginning of a game, an-
nounce "Time" at i|s legal interruption
and declare "Game" at its legal termination.
Suspension of Play.
The umpire shall suspend play for the
RULE 71. following causes:
I. If rain fall so heavily as to cause the
spectators on the open field and opi n ek shelter,
in which case he shall note the time i ension, and
should rain fall continuously for thirty minutes thereafter
he shall terminate the game.
z. In case of an accident which incapacitates him or a
player from service in the field, or in order to remove
from the grounds any player or spectator who has violated
the rules, or in case of fire, panic or other extraordinary
Call of Time.
Bin p 70 ,, In sus .l' l ' ,1, |'"K Play from any legal cause
rule 72. the umpire shall call 'Time"; when he calls
., .,„, ., "!'mc." play shall be suspended until he
calls Play again, and daring the interim no player shall
be put out base be run or run be scored. "Time" shall
not be called by the umpire until the ball be held by the
pitcher while standing in his position.
Decisions on Balls and Strikes.
, The umpire shall call and count as a
ball any unfair ball delivered by the
pitcher to the batsman. He shall also call
and count as a 'strike" any fairly delivered ball which
passes over any portion of the home base, and within the
batsman s legal range as defined in Rule 31, whether struck
at or not by the batsman ; or a foul tip which is caught
by the catcher standing within the lines of his position
within 10 feet of the home base; or which, after being
struck at and not hit, strike the person of the batsman-
or «hen the ball be bunted foul by the batsman; or any
foul hit ball not caught on the fly unless the batsman lias
two strikes, provided, however, that a pitch, d ball shall
not be called or counted a "ball" or "strike" by the um-
pire until it has passed the home plate.
riii f -7A ¥ I 5 " 1 one um P ir c be assigned, his duties
ULL '*• and jurisdiction shall extend to all points.
and he shall be permitted to take his stand
in any part of the field that in his opinion will best enable
nun to discharge his duties.
No person shall be allowed upon any
part of the field during the progress of a
m™ t g , ame , exce P* 'he players in uniform, the
manager of each side, the umpire, such officer of tin
^ a V' Present in uniform, and such watchmen of the
Home club as may be necessary to preserve the peace.
RULF 7R 1 No mana g cr - captain or pi tD ad-
/d. d ress tnc spectator during a gamt cxcept
the nmo.r„ce '" rcp -7°, a request for information about
tne progress or state of the game.
Every club shall furnish sufficient police
RULE 77. force to preservi order upon its own
grounds, and III the event of a crowd enter-
ing tile field during the progress of a game, and interfer-
ing with the play in any manner, tin- visiting ■•lull may
refuse to play until the field be cleared. If the field be not
cleared within 15 minutes thereafter, the visiting club may
claim and shall lie entitled t" the game by a score of nine
runs to none (no matter what number of innings has
"Play" is the order of the umpire to be-
RULE 78. gin the game or to resume it after its sus-
"Time" is the order of the umpire to sus-
RULE 79. pend play. Such mi pension must not ex-
tend beyond the day.
"Game" is the announcement of the um-
RULE 80. pirc that the game is terminated.
"An inning" is tin- term at bat of the
RULE 81. nine players representing a club in a ;
anil is completed when three of such plaj
ers have been legally put out.
"A Time at Bat" is the term at bat of a
RULE 82. batsman. It begins when he takes his po-
sition, and continues until he is put out
or becomes a base runner. But a time at bat shall not bi
charged against a batsman who is awarded firsl base by the
umpire i"i' being hit by a pitched ball, or on called balls, or
when he makes a sacrifice hit. or for interference by the
"Legal" or "Legally" signifies as required
RULE 83. by these rules.
THE SCORING RULES.
To promote uniformity in scoring cham-
RULE 84. pionship games the following instructions
are given and suggestions and definitions
for the guidance of scorers, and they are required to
make all scores in accordance therewith.
The Batsman's Record.
Section i. The first item in the tabu-
RULE 85. lated score, after the player's name and
position, shall be the number of times he
has been at bat during the game, but the exceptions made
in Rule !Sj must not be included.
Sec. 2. In llie second column shall be set down the runs,
if any, made by each player.
Sec. 3. In the third column shall be placed the first base
hits, if any, made by each player.
The Scoring of Base Hits.
Sec. 4. A base hit shall be scored in the following cases :
When the ball from the bat strikes the ground on or
within the foul lines and out of the reach of the fielders.
When a fair-hit ball is partially or wholly stopped by
a fielder in motion, but such player can not recover himself
in time to field the ball to first before the striker reaches
that base or to force out another base runner.
When the ball be hit with such force to an infielder or
pitcher that he can not handle it in time to put out the
batsman or force out a base runner. In a case of doubt
over this class of hits, a base hit should be scored and
the fielder exempted from the charge of an error.
When the ball is hit so slowly toward a fielder that he
cannot handle it in time to put out the batsman or force
out a base runner.
In all cases where a base runner is retired by being hit
by a batted ball, unless batted by himself, the batsman
should be credited with a base hit.
When a batted ball hits the person or clothing of the
umpire, as defined in Rule 53, Section 6.
In no case shall a base hit be scored when a base runner
is forced out by the play.
Sec. 5. Sacrifice hits sliall be placed in the Summary .
A sacrifice hit shall be credited to the batsman who
when no one is nut or when but one man is out. advances
a runner a base by a bunt hit, which results in the batsman
being put out before reaching first, or would so result if
it were handled without error.
A sacrifice hit shall also be credited to a batsman who,
when no one is out or when but one man is out, hits a fly
ball that is caught but results in a run being scored, or
would in the judgment of the scorer so result if caught.
Sec. 6. The number of opponents, if any, put out by
each player shall be set down in the fourth column. Where
the batsman is given 'out by the umpire for a foul strike,
or fails to bat in proper order, or is declared out on third
bunt strike, the put-out shall be scored to the catcher. In
cases of the base runner being declared "out'' for interfer-
ence, running out of line, or on an infield fly, the "out"
should be credited to the player who would have made
the play but for the action of the base runner or the an-
nouncement of the umpire.
Sec. 7. The number of times, if any, each player assists
in putting out an opponent shall be set down in the fifth
column. An assist should be given to each player who
handles the ball in aiding in a run out or any other play
of the kind, except the one who completes it.
An assist should be given to a player who makes a play
in time to put a runner out, even if the player who could
complete the play fail, through no fault of the assisting
And generally an assist should be given to each player
who handles or assists in any manner in Dandling the
ball from the time it leaves the bat until it reaches the
player who makes the put-out, or in case of a thrown
ball, to each player wdio throws or handles it cleanly, and
in such a way that a put-out results, or would result ii
no error were made by a team-mate.
Assists should Ik- credited to every player who handles
the ball in the play which results in a base runner being
called "out" for interference or for running out of line.
A double play shall mean any two continuous put outs
that take place between the time the ball leaves the pitcher ' s
hands until it is returned to him again standing in the
Sec. 8. An error shall be given in the sixth column
for each misplay which prolongs the time at bat of the
batsman or allows a base runner to make one or more
bases when perfect play would have insured his being put
out. But a base on balls, a base awarded to a batsman by
being struck by a pitched bull, an illegal pitch, a balk, a
passed ball or zvild pitch, unless such wild pitch or passed
ball be on the third strike and allow the baiter to reach first
base, shall not be included in the sixth column. In case of
a wild pitch or a passed ball allowing the batter to reach
first base, the pitcher or the catcher, as the case may be, shall
be charged with an error.
An error shall not be charged against the catcher for a
wild throw in an attempt to prevent a stolen base, unless
the base runner advance an extra base because of the error.
An error shall not be scored against the catcher or an
infielder who attempts to complete a double play, unless
the throw be so wild that an additional base be gained.
In case a base runner advance a base through the failure
of a baseman to stop or try to stop a ball accurately thrown
to his base, the latter shall be charged with an error and
not the player who made such throw, provided there was
occasion for it. If such throw be made to second base the
scorer shall determine whether the second baseman or
shortstop shall be charged with an error.
In event of a fielder dropping a fly but recovering the ball
in time to force a runner at another base, he shall be exempted
from an error, the play being scored as a " force-out."
Sec. 9. A stolen base shall be credited to the base run-
ner whenever he advances a base unaided by a base hit, a
put-out, a fielding or a battery error, subject to the follow-
ing exceptions :
In event of a double steal being attempted from bases cue
and two to bases two and three, where either is thrown out,
the other shall not be credited with a stolen base.
In event of a base runner being touched out after sliding
over a base, he shall not be regarded as having stolen the
base in question.
In event of a base runner making his start la steal a base
prior to a battery error, he shall be credited -with a stolen
In event of a palpable muff of a ball thrown by the catcher,
■when the base runner is clearly blocked, the infielder mak-
ing the muff shall be charged with an error and the base
runner shall not be credited with a stolen base.
The Summary shall contain :
RULE 86. SECTION I. The score made in each in-
ning of the game and the total runs of each
side in the game.
Sec. 2. The number of stolen bases, if any, by each
Sec. 3. The number of sacrifice hits, if any, made by each
Sec. I. The number of sacrifice flies, if any, made by
Sec. S, The number of two-base hits, if any, made by
Sec, 6. The number of three-base hits, if any, made by
Sec. 7. The number of home runs, if any, made by each
Sec. 8. The number of double and triple plays, if any,
made by each club and the players participating in same.
Sec. 9. The number of innings each pitcher pitched in.
Sec. 10. The number of base hits, if any, made off each
pitcher and the number legal at bats scored against each
Sec. 11. The number of times, if any, the pitcher strikes
out the opposing batsmen.
Sec. 12. The number of times, if any, the pitcher gives
bases on balls.
Sec. 13. The number of wild pitches, if any, charged
against the pitcher.
Sec. 14. The number of times, if any, the pitcher hits a
batsman with a pitched ball, the name or names of the bats-
man or batsmen so hit to be given.
Sec. 15. The number of passed balls by each catcher.
Sec. 16. The time of the game.
Sec. 17. The name of the umpire or umpires.
Index to Rules
TO LAY OFF THE FIELD. Sec.
Diamond or infield
Slope of inlleld from pitcher's plate 2
The liases 2
The home base — shape and size of 1
Marking the lines — material of
Weight and size
Make to be used
Number to be delivered to umpire. 2
To be rep]; I if rendered iiu'it for play.
Return of those batted or thrown out of grounds
Alternate — when to lie placed in play
Penalty for Intentional discoloring
Furnished by home club
The hat — material and size of
THE PLAYERS AND TIIEIR POSITIONS.
Number of players in the game
The pitcher's position
Must not mingle with spectators
Uniforms and shoes
Size and weight of gloves
Players' benches ■
Umpires not to wait for notice from captains
THE REGULATION GAME.
Time of commencing championship games
Number of innings
Termination of game 1-2-3
Termination of game before completion of iifth inning
Extra innings game ■
Drawn ga me
Failure of a club to appear 1
Refusal of a club to continue play 2
Failure of a club to resume play 3
Resorting to dilatory laeties 4
Wilfully violating teles 5
Disobeying order to remove player 6
Less than nine players 7
See. u q begin ten minutes after completion of
If Held be not cleared in fifteen minutes
When groundkeeper is under umpire's control
I'uipire to make written report of forfeiture 9
Maj lake place of player tit any time 2
Base runner — consent of opposing captain necessary... 3
Choice of innings — fitness of field for play 29
Delivery of the ball to bat 30
A fairly delivered ball 31
An unfairly delivered ball 32
Penalty for delay by throwing to bases 1 33
Penalty for delay in delivery to batsman 2 33
Failure to deliver ball after making motion 1 34
Failure to step toward base before throwing 2 34
Delivery of ball while foot Is back of plate 3 34
Delivery of hail while not facing batsman 4 34
Motion to deliver ball while not In position 5 34
Delaying game by holding ball 6 34
Motion to pitch without having ball 7 34
Any habitual motion without delivery of ball to hat.. 8 34
Delivery of ball while catcher is outside of his lines. . 9 34
Dead ball — bitting batsman in position or umpire on foul
Ball not In play 36
Touched or stopped by person not in game 1 37
Umpire to declare block 2 37
Base runners to stop under certain conditions 3 37
TUB BATTING ROLES.
Order of batting 39
First batsman In each inning 40
Players of side at baa belong on bench 41
Not to invade space reserved (or umpire, catcher or
To vacate bench to prevent interference with Holder 43
A fair hit **
A foul hit 45
A foul tip 48
A bunt hit «
Infield fly- definition of 8 61
Balls batted outside ground:
Fair hit over fence or into stand 1 48
Fair or foul -where last seen by umpire 1 43
Batsman entitled to home run 2 48
Ball struck at by batsman 49
Fair ball not struck at 2 49
Foul hit not caught on fly unless batsman has two
strikes 3 49
Attempt to bunt resulting In foul 4 49
Missed strike but which touches batsman 6 49
Foul tip held by catcher. . . 6 49
A foal strike BO
THE BATSMAN IS OUT.
If he fail to take position in proper turn 1 61
If he fall to take position within one minute 2 fil
If he make, foul hit other than foul tip anil ball Is cangbt. 3 61
If he make foul strike 4 61
if be Interfere with catcher 6 61
If with first base occupied, three strikes nre called 6 61
If! while attempting third strike, ball touch his person.... 7 61
If] before tWO are OUt, he hits intleld fly 8 61
If third strike is called in accordance with Sec. 4 or 5 of
Rub- 4!> » 61
If be step from one box to other 10 61
THE BASE-RUNNING RULES. Sec. Rule.
Legal order of ■ bam 63
Not to score before runner preceding !!!!!!! '.'.'.'.', !! 63
Batsman becomes base runner:
After be make* fall bit 1 61
After tour balls are called 2 o : i
After three strikes are called M
If he be hit by pitched ball 4 (£>
If catcher Interfere with him 5
If fair hit strike umpire or base runner..'!!..!!!!!!!! b 51
Entitled to bases (without liability to be nut out)-
If umpire cull four balls 1 54
If umpire award batsman first base for being 'h'i't"i>y
pitched ball ' j -.
If umpire award batsman first base for Interference' of
catcher . ...
If umpire award next batsman first 'base.'.* '.'.'. 2 ru
If umpire call a •'balk" 3 j(?
If Pitched ball pass catcher and hit umpire.'! " '.'. ! " ! 4 54
If prevented from advancing by fielder's obstruction.. 5 54
If ilelder stop or catch ball Illegally u 64
Returning to bases (without liability to be put out)!
If umpire declare any foul not legally caught 1 65
If umpire declare foal strike 2 v.
If umpire declare dead ball J g«
if umpire Interfere with catcher or throw..'.'. 4 55
If pitched ball struck at touches batsman 5 55
When not required to touch Intervening bases 65
Base runners are out:
Attempt to hinder catcher after three strikes 1 58
Holder bold fair hit i ««
Third strike held by fielder t SJ2
Touched with ball after three strikes.. 4 59
Ilelder touches first base ahead of runner 58
gunning out of three-foot lines 8 B 8
Banning out .if line after having reached first!!!!!!.'! 7 56
Jallure to avoid Be r In act of fielding ball 8 58
t, i'i ,"'' - v '''-ldcr having ball it ssessloo 9 58
Ban held on base before runner can retain 10 58
Forced to vacate base by succeeding runner 11 58
tilt i>y fair ball before touching Ilelder 12 56
Failure to tooch bases in regular or reverse order 13 68
Failure to return to»base held when "time" was called 11 68
, r '"""" nterferj with play at home plate 15 56
lasslng preceding base runner 16 66
Overrunning first I ,, ,7 „j:
toacher drawing throw to pUte. ...... ..,'.'.'.'.'.'.,'.,'.'. 18 66
Memh.rs of team at bat confusing fielding side 19 66
nmnir?. . 1 ',' " K '"""" be,ore Preceding ru r 20 66
oSchiug frute? " " Ui """" •'"' , '"" 1 r '"' ' l "" i '""" "
Scoring of runs ".'.'.'.'.'.'.'. £2
Definition of .-, -f„ ,.,.,. .,„ lt -V '.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. '.! !!!!! \ .'. 59
Tin; DMPIBB AND HIS DIXIES.
lower to enforce decisions on
No appeal fmm decision... JjT
r!m",t",n!."s.'; '"' s rtg . b< ■ ruVtioi.'. '.'.'.' :: Si
•.a o question umpire's accuracy of judgment 62
ssSrOT^as -p-w-s 1
' re hours """ """"' " r '''■»'»«l"of" i,i,iy;.r' within ij "
Notification of ones' „',;,: ttoi' of 'payment! ::::;::::::::::: : : m
Set , Rule.
Umpire's report on flagrant cases 67
Warning to captains 68
Ground rules and materials of the game 69
Official announcements 70
Suspension of pi ty 71
Call of "time" 72
Decisions on halls and strikes 73
Position of umpire on flehl 74
Persons allowed on field other than players and umpire 75
Spectators shall not he addressed 76
Police protection 77
"An Inning" 81
"A time at hat" 83
"Legal" or "legally" 83
HIE SCORING RDLES (Rule 84).
The hatsman's record:
Times at bat 1 88
Numher of runs 2 86
First base hits S 85
When base hits should be credited 4 8B
Sacrifice hits S 8(1
Tbe fielding record :
Number of put outs, and explanation of 8 88
Numher of assists, and explanation of 7 85
Errors, and explanation of 8 85
Exemption from errors 8 85
Scorer to determine 8 85
Stolen liases 8 85
The score of each Inning and total runs 1 86
The comber of stolen bases 2 86
The number of sacrifice bits 3 86
Tbe Dumber of sacrifice Hies 4 86
Mb.- Dumber of two-base bits 5 86
The Dumber of three-base bits 6 86
of home runs 7 86
The number of double and triple plays 8 so
Tbe Dumber oi Innings each pitcher pitched In fi 8«
The Dumber of ba e hits made "ir each pitcher 10 86
The numbW "f strike outs 11 86
The Dumber of bases on balls 12 86
The number of wild pitches 13 86
The numher of hit batsmen It 86
The number of passed halls 15 86
The time of the game 16 86
The name of the umpire or umpires 17 88
Annual Meeting of the National
League of Professional
Base Ball Clubs
Held at Waldorf-Astoria, New York City,
December 8, 9, 10 and 1 r, 1908.
FIRST DAY, Tuesday, December 8, 1908.
Meeting called to order at 2 P. M.
Harry C. Pui.liam, President, in chair; John A.
Hf.vdler, Secretary; T. M. James, Stenographer.
GEORGE B. DoVEY, representing the Boston National
League Base Ball Company.
Charles II. Ebbets, Henry Medicus and C. II. Ehiiets,
Jr., representing the Brooklyn Ball Club.
Charles W. Murphy, representing the Chicago League
August Herrmann and Max C. FleiscHMANN, repre-
senting the Cincinnati Exhibition Company.
W. J. Shettsline, D. LeRoy Reeves, James Potter,
Andrew STEVENSON and I. HYNEMAN, representing the
Philadelphia Ball Company.
Barney Dreyfcss and Will Locke, representing the
Pittsburg Athletic Company.
M. S. RoBlSON, representing the American Base Ball
and Athletic Exhibition Company of St. Louis.
The Board of Directors submitted its report, which was
The Pre idenl read hi- Annual Report.
Mr. Harry C. Pulliam was re-elected as President of the
Mr. John A. Heydler was re-elected as Secretary-Treas-
Messrs. Dreyfuss, Ebbets, Herrmann, Murphy and
Dovcy were elected to constitute the Hoard of Directors
for the ensuing year.
Recess until 2 P. M., December 9.
SECOND DAY, Wednesday, December 9, 1908.
League called to order 2:30 P. M.
All clubs but New York represented.
The following Resolution, drawn by Messrs. F.hbets,
Murphy and Dovey, was adopted and ordered engrossed:
"Resolved, thai in the recent -hath of HENRY CHAD-
WICK, at Brooklyn, professional base ball losl an honored
and true friend, who had dedicated his long, busy and use-
ful life lo the promotion, improvement ami fostering the
national game, and
"Whereas, the deceased being known as the "Father of
Rase Hall," as well as an honorary member of the National
League, those present at this meeting desire lo pay tribute
to his memory and to send expression of condolence to
those nearest and dearest to Mr. Ckadwick; and
"Whereas, he did much to uplift and to use his facile
pen to keep the sport clean and pure, we each feel that in
his death we have sustained a distinct personal loss, now,
therefore, be it
"Resolved, that this Resolution be spread upon the
minutes of our meeting and a copy thereof forwarded to
the widow and other relative- of the deceased."
Mr. James A. Hart, honorary member, addressed the
Messrs. Powers. O'Brien and Killilea, representing the
Eastern League and American Hon, appeared before
Recess until 2 P. M., December 10.
THIRD DAY, Thursday, December 10, 1908.
League called to order at 2 P. M.
All clubs represented but New York.
Messrs. Ryder and Lanigan, representing the SportLg
Writers' Association of America, appeared before the
Au appropriation was voted to complete the fund for the
erection of a monument to Henry Chadwick and to care
for his grave for all time.
Messrs. Herrmann, Dreyfuss and Totter presented the
following Resolution on the death of Frank Del lass
Robison, which was adopted and ordered engrossed :
Death has invaded our own household. Tt is only
a -.hurt time ago since we had in our midst at tl
meetings a gentleman who bad been identified with
the National League tot many years; whose counsel
and advice was at all times for the best interests of
all. Frank Del lass Robison is with us no more.
The death summons came suddenly. We have lost
not only a careful adviser and counselor, but a
lovable companion and friend. To the bereaved
family the National Le its
deepest sympathy, and it is for that reason we
recommend that this little expression on the part
of the League be appropriately inscribed on our
records; that it be l. and the President of
the League be directed to transmit the same to the
family of the decea
The following committees were appoint
Schedule— Messrs. Ebbcts, Dreyfuss, Pulliam.
Constitution — Messrs. Herrmann, Dovey, Loci
Playing Rules— Messrs. Pulliam, Murray, lleydlcr.
Uniform Tickets of Admission — Messrs.
Telegraph Contracts- Messrs. Ebbets, Locke, Heydler.
The League had the pleasure of a visit from the dele-
gates of the American League, also in session in New
York City. Short addresses in spirit of friendliness and
co-operation were made by President Johnson and Messrs.
Comiskey, Shibe, Noyes, Navin, McBreen, Farrell, Bruce,
Kilfoyl and Hedges, of the American League, and re-
sponded to by the President and all club representatives
of the National League.
The League went into executive session.
Recess until ia o'clock noon, December II.
FOURTH DAY, Friday, December ii, 1908.
Called to order at 12 o'clock.
All clubs represented.
The League continued in executive sessioti, at close of
which a statement was issued giving the action taken on
President Pulliam's report of the attempted bribery of a
Adjourned, subject to call of Chair.
After adjournment a meeting of the Hoard of Directors
Reconvened Annual Meeting of the
National League of Professional
Base Ball Clubs
Held at Auditorium Annex, Chicago,
February 16, 17 and 18, 1909.
President H. C. PuLLiAMandMr. Geo. B. DovEYin chair;
Johm A. IIeyuler, Secretary; T. M. James, stenographer.
Geo. I'.. Dovey, representing the Boston National League
Base Ball Company.
Chaki.es II. Ebbets and II. W. Medicus, representing
the Brooklyn Ball Club.
Chari.es W. Murphy, representing the Chicago League
August Herrmann and Tiios. J. Logan, representing
the Cincinnati Exhibition Company.
Wm. J. Shettsli.ne, representing the Philadelphia Ball
Will Locke, representing the Pittsburg Athletic Com-
M. S. Robison, representing the American Base Ball and
Athletic Exhibition Company of St. Louis.
Mr. Ebbets, from Committee on Schedule, presented the
1909 Playing Schedule, which was unanimously adopted.
'1 he National Agr< 1 amended, was ratified.
All papers in of the attempted umpire bribery
were referred to the National Commission.
President Johnson of the American League, by invita-
tion, attended the meeting.
President Pulliam's request for extended leave of
absence to recover his health was granted, Secretary J. A.
Heydler being appointed acting president, with representa-
tion on National Commission.
The amended Tlaying Rules, as adopted by the Joint
Rules Committee, were presented.
The Committee on Chadwick Memorial, through Chair-
man Ebbets, made full report of the plans for erection of
the monument, as well as for the unveiling exercises April
At 6 P. M., Thursday, February 18, the League ad-
journed subject to call of chair.
jfranfe 2Dei^a££ iRobtson
PRESIDENT CLEVELAND CLUB
PRESIDENT ST. LOUIS CLUB
1900 - 1907
Died September 25, 1908
PEACE TO HIS ASHES
FATHER OF BASE BALL'
Died April 20, 1908
HE BUILDED BETTER THAN
HE KNEW "
Officers and Members
The following is an official list of the Officers of the
National League of Professional Base Hall Clubs and
Officers of Clubs members thereof for the season of 1909:
HARRY C. PULLIAM,
Rooms 1424-1426 St. James Building, New York City.
Telephone, 2209 Madison (Long Distance).
JOHN A. HEYDLER,
(Address as above.)
Board of Directors,
Barney Dreyfuss, Chari.es TT. Ebbets,
August Herrmann, Charles W. Murmiy,
George B. Dovey,
BOSTON NATIONAL LEAGUE BASE BALL
in8 Paddock Building.
GEORGE B. DOVEY, President and Treasurer.
JOHN S. C. DOVEY, Secretary.
THE BROOKLYN BALL CLUB,
Washington Park, Brooklyn, N. Y.
CHARLES H. EBBETS, President.
HENRY \V. M KIM CCS, Treasurer.
C. H. EBBETS, JR., Secretary.
CINCINNATI EXHIBITION COMPANY,
AUGUST HERRMANN, President, Wiggins Block
MAX C. FLEISCHMANNj Secretary and Treasurer.
CHICAGO LEAGUE BALL CLUB,
CHARLES W. MURPHY, 1 'resident.
Corn Exchange Bank Building.
CHARLES G. WILLIAMS. Secretary and Treasurer.
CHARLES H. THOMAS. Associate Secretary.
PITTSBURG ATHLETIC COMPANY,
BARNEY DREYFUSS, President
W. H. LOCKE, Secretary.
903 Farmers' Bank Building.
PHILADELPHIA BALL COMPANY,
ISRAEL \V. DURHAM, Pi
JAMES P. McNICHOL, \ dent
CHARLES F. WAGNER, Secretary-Treasurer.
WILLIAM J. SHK'I I SLIM-:, Business Manager.
NATIONAL EXHIBITION COMPANY,
JOHN T. BRUSH, President
FRED M. KNOWLES, Secretary-Treasurer.
Room 623 St. James Building.
AMERICAN BASE PALL AND ATHLETIC EXHI-
r.ll [ON COMPANY OF ST. LOUIS, MO.
M. S. ROBIS< i.\. I nrer.
Club Lists of Players
Who Participated in the National League Championship
Campaign of 1908.
Manager — Joseph J. Kelley.
Pitchers — Irving M. Young, Frank l'fet'fer, Thos.
McCarthy, Harley E. Young, V. A. Lindaman, Ant;.
Dorner, P. J. Flaherty, Geo. C. Ferguson, J. J. Boultes,
Thos. Tuckey, W. H. Chappelle, Mahoney, A. A. Mattern.
Catchers — James C. Ball, F. Bowerman, Harry Smith.
Geo. F. Graham. Inlielders— -Dan McGann, C. Ritchey,
Wm. Dahlen, \V. J. Sweeney, John J. Hannifin, Fred B.
Stem, W. W. Thomas. Outfielders John Bates, Geo.
Browne, C. Beaumont, Joe Kelley, Beali Becker, Herbert
Manager— P. J. Donovaa
Pitchers— H. Mclntire, I. K. Wilhelm, N. Rucker, J.
W. Pastorius. Geo. G. Bell, J. S. Holmes, V Kruger, P.
Finlayson. Catchers— Wm. Bergen, Louis Ritter, A. J.
Farmer, Joseph Dunn. Infielders— Henry Pattee, T. J.
Jordan, Chas. A. Alpcrniann, Philip Lewis. '111"-. P.
Sheehan, Thos. 1). McMillan. S. Murch. Outfieldei
Wm. Maloney, H. Lumley, John K. Hummel, A. W. Burch,
Manager — Frank Chance.
Pitchers — Carl Lundgren, Orval Overall, Mordecai
Brown, Ed Reulbach, Jack Pfi< ter, ('. C. Fraser, Wm.
F. Mack, Sponsberg, Floyd M. Kroh, Andrew Coakley.
Catchers— John Kling, !'. J Moran, W. K. Marshall, A.
V. Campbell. Inlielders — Frank Chance, H. Zimmerman,
Harry Stein feldt, John J. EverS, Joe linker, Arthur Hof-
mail, (km. Howard Outfielders — James Single, James
Sheckard, Frank Schulte, John F. Hayden, Blaine Durbin.
Manager — John Gan/el.
Pitchers — Tims. MeCartliy, Hob I'.w ing, Wm. J. Camp-
l\. Spade, John A. Dubuc, John S. Doscher, J. P.
\.,1/. J. A. Rowan, .Martin OToole, K. A. Savidge, H.
S. Sincock, Win. L. Tozer, Jake Weimer, Andrew Coak-
ley, Chas. Rhodes. Catchers— Geo. Schlei, John B. Mc-
Lean. W. C. Pearce, Jr. [nfielders— M. II. Muggins, John
Lobert, John Ganzel, 11. II. Mowrey, R. E. Hulswitt, R. C.
Hoblitzell, K. J. Egan, David L. Brain. Outfielders— M.
R Mitchell, Geo. II. Paskert, John F. Kane, Robert J.
Coulson, I. F. Daley, R. II. Bescher, Harry Bayless, Wm.
Manager — John J. McGraw.
Pitchers— R. W. Marquard, Louis Durham. Roy Beecher,
1 iiu topher Mathewson, Leon Ames, Geo. R. Wiltse,
Luther Taylor. Joe McGinnity, W. J. Malarkey, Oti
F. C. Snodgrass, Arthur E. Wilson,
Roger Bresnahan, Thos. Needham. tnfielders— John J.
Hannifin, David L. Brain, S. Strang. Fred Tenney,
Arthur Devlin, Lawrence Doyle, \. II. Bridwell, F. C.
Merkle, C. L. Herzog. Outfielders H. E. McCormick,
John C. Barry, Josh De Vore, Louis Evans, Wm. P. Shan-
non, M. J, Donlin, J. B. Seymour.
Manager — William J. Murray.
Pitchers— Geo. McQuillan, L. II. Moren, Chas. E.
m. T. Frank Sparks, Lewis Richie, Win. A. Foxen,
Frank Corridon, II. Coveleskie, Earl Moore, II. K. I loch.
Catchers — Chas. S. Dooin. F. Jacklitsch. [nfielders— Otto
Knabe. Ed. Grant, W. Bransfield, M. J. Doolan„ E. E.
Courtney, Wm. Glcason, David Shean. Outfielders — John
Titus, S. Magee, W. Osborn, Waller Clement, Charles
Johnson, Roy Thomas, 11. I 7 .. McCormick.
Manager — Fred C. Clarke.
Pitchers — H. E. Young, Thos. McCarthy, II. S. Camnitz,
S. Leever, C. Phillippe, A. P. Leifield, N. Maddox, Victor
Willis, Irving Young. R. S. Vail, C. M. Brandom, II.
Hillebrand. Catchers — Geo. Gibson, Ed. Phelps, P. O'Con-
nor, John Sullivan. Infielders — Thos. Leach, John Wag-
ner, Ed. Abbaticchio, Chas. W. Starr, Alan Storke, W. I).
Gill, Jas. J. Kane, II. Swacina. Outfielders I Becker,
D. E. Moeller, Roy Thomas, Fred Clarke, J. O. Wilson,
W. P. Shannon, Royal Shaw, Cecil Neighbors.
Manager— J. J. McCloskey.
Pitchers — Chas. A. Rhodes, i J. Gaiser, O. F. Bald-
win, John C. Lush, Grant McGlynn, A. L. Raymond, Harry
Sallee, F. L. Beebe, I. C. Higginbotham. Arthur Fromme,
Ed. Karger. Catchers — A. Hostetter, Wm. Ludwig, John
J. Bliss, Wm. Marshall. C. Moran. Infielders— Ed.
Konetchy, Raymond Charles, R. Byrne, Win. (). Gilbert,
Jos. L O'Rourkc, Thos, II. Reilly, J. W. Morris, C.
Osteen. Outfielders— John C. Barry, W. I".. Murdock, Joe
Delahanry, J. J. Murray, Albert Shaw, R. E. McLaurin.
R. D. Emslic, II. O'Day, J. ]•".. Johnstone, W. J. Klem.
Charles Rigler, F. F. Rudderham, C. B. Owens.
Official National League Averages
Chii ago . . . .
Brooklyn . . .
St. Louis ..
STANDING OP CLUBS AT CLOSE OF SEASON.
Chi. N.Y. Pitts, ri.il. Clu. BOS. Br. St.L. W. PC.
Postponed Games— At Boston, 5: all played, it Brooklyn, 5; all played.
At New York. 7; all played. Ai Philadelphia, 10; all played. At cius-
borg, 13; all played. At Cincinnati, 6; all played. At Chicago, 11; all
played. At St. Urals, io; all played.
Tie Games — At Boston. 1; played off. At Now York, 3; played off.
At Philadelphia, i; played off. ai Chicago, l; played off.
CHAMPIONSHIP WINNERS IN PREVIOUS YEARS.
is7i Athletics rr.ii
1872 Boston 880
is?:; Boston 7L'n
1X71— Bos 717
187B -Boston 898
1878 Chicago 788
1877— Boston 846
1878— Boston 888
1879 Providence 702
1880 Chicag 798
ism Chicago >;i;7
1882 Chicag 6SS
ins:; Boston 848
iss i -Providence 780
1885 Chicago 77n
1886 Chicag 726
1887— Detroit 687
1888 Now York 841
1888 Now York 889
Nanio and t'lllli. G.
Wagner, Ptttsborg 161
Donlln, Now Stork I i
Doyle, Now Yoik 102
Bransfleld, Pbilade la 148
HerEOg, Now York 59
Lobert, Cincinnati 156
Titos, Philadelphia 148
Brldwell, New York 117
Mccormick, Phila.-New York... 7«
Bresnahan, New York
Murray, si. Loots
St. -in. Boston 19
Kitii^*. Chicago •- 12.".
Graham. Boston 67
1890 Brooklyn «I7
is:. i Boston 680
1892 Boston 880
ISO? Boston 796
1898 Boston 685
1899 Brooklyn ':nl >
1900 Brooklyn 803
1901 Pittsburg 647
1902 Pittsburg 711
1908 — PlttBborg 850
[904 N'.ov ". orl 688
1606 No« York 868
1906 Chicago 705
1907— Chicagi 704
Name and Club. (;. .\B. R.
Rltchey, Boston 120 421 44
Chance. Chicago 126 452 65
Beschor. Cincinnati 32 lit it;
Uerkle, New York IS 41 6
Seymour, New V.,rk 155 587 59
Osbnrn, Philadelphia 152 555 62
Beaumont. Boston 121 476 66
Tinker, Cblcag 157 548 67
Maddox, Pittsburg 36 94 9
Clarke, Pittsburg ir,i 651 83
Shaw, St. Louis 96 367 40
P. Moran, Chicago 45 160 12
Leacb, Pittsburg 152 583 93
Kelley. Boston 82 :
Bates. Boston 117 nr, is
Murdock, St. L.uis is 62 5
Tenney. New V.,rk ir.6 583 101
Delehanty, St. Louis 138 499 37
Hohlltzell, Cincinnati 32 114 8
Devlin, New York 157 534 5S
Storke. Pittsburg 56 202 20
Thomas, Phlln. and Pittsburg.. 107 410 54
Abbaticchlo, Pittsburg 114 500 43
Qanzel, Cincinnati ins 388 32
Konetchy, St. 1 is 154 r.r, tr.
Dooin, Philadelphia 132 435 28
Jordan, Brooklyn in; 516 tl
Sinitli, Boston 3.s 130 la
Uoren, Philadelphia 28 49 5
Grant, Philadelphia 147 598 69
Sweeney, Boston 127 418 44
Weimcr, Cincinnati If 45 7
Burch, Brooklyn 116 466 45
Ilofman, Chicago no 411 65
I'askert. Cincinnati m; 395 40
Becker, Pittsburg and Bolton.. 60 236 17
Hummel, Brooklyn 154 694 61
St.iufeklt. Chicago 150 539 63
James Kan-. Pittsburg in
R srge: SI LotcH 54 '4
JfcGann, Boston no in f]
Boston U1 m .,„
Hnggns, Cincinnati M
McMillan, Brooklyn 43 117 9
ScbuMe, Chicago , (K 386 42
Wiltse, New } ork 44 110 9
Doolan, Philadelphia m ,..:, g
Phelps, Pittsburg -„ , ,
Reulbach, Chicago ' ~ lK il „,
gostetter, St. Louis I ! !! " « ill
Sheckard, Chicago m 4oi M
I a) lor. New V.rk ;; 35
QibSOn, Pittsburg " 140 486 37
Browne, Boston ' n 8 c 1e V,
tt, Cincinnati '..." "9 lu V,
Bowerman, Boston 74 |!5 V.
Wilson. Plttaburg ilj III „
I-l.leM. Pittsburg 34 7? I
Bayless. Cincinnati " 19 7? 5
GUI, Pittsburg ■' J5 7« ii
MitchelL Cincinnati '.""119 4 m tl
Slagle. Chicago ,' J°J "
Crandall, New York ... 3' U f 2 *l
INDIVIDUAL BATTING. -
Name and Club. G. AB. R.
.lii.kliiwii. Philadelphia SO 86 G
Schlet, Cincinnati 88 300 31
Mowrey, Cincinnati 68 887 17
Lewis, Brooklyn 116 U6 22
Enabe, Philadelphia 161
McLean, Cincinnati M 108 II
Lumley, Brooklyn IU 1 1" 86
Pattee, Brooklyn 74 864 U
Swaclna, Pittsburg 50 170 7
Shannon, N. S. -Pittsburg 106 884 14
Bheehan, Brooklyn 146 468 45
Gilbert, St. Louis 89
John Kane, Cincinnati 12" 455 61
Bliss, St Louis 18
Barry, s>. I..-X. v 102 335 29
Richie, Philadelphia 86 52
Neednam. Mew York 47 91 8
Brown, Chicago 44 131
Egan, Cincinnati 18 68 1
Marshall, St. Louis-Chicago.... 16
Charles, si. Louts Ul 164 88
Hannifin, New fork-Boston 80 IBS SO
Mclntlre, Brooklyn 4" 100
Alperman, Bi klyn 57 818 17
St. Louis 89 112 8
Maloney, Brooklyn 107 869 81
O'Rourke, St. Louis 68 164 8
Spade, Cincinnati 86 s 7 a
Ames, Hew York 18 M
Moeller, Pittsburg 27 108 11
Hitler. Brooklyn 37 99 6
St. Louis 136 188
Cattergon, Brooklyn 18
Raymond, si. Louis i< 80 8
Ludwlg, St. Louis 88 1^7 16
Courtney, Philadelphia 13
McGinnity, New York 37 81 8
Rucker, Brooklyn 12 117 8
Dorner, Boston 38 67 4
Morris, St. Loots 2:1
1. Young, Boston-Pittsburg...
Linda n Boston 18
C. Moran, St. Louis 16 68
RelUy, St. Louts 29 81 5
Dunn, Brooklyn 211 61 3
1;. 11. Brooklyn 89 17 1
Loth, si. Louis M
Ferguson, ll.psl.iii 37 65 8
Willis, Pittsburg 41 108 8
Matbewson, Nen ^ ork 66 139 11
McQuillan, Philadelphia 18 113 1
ESwlng, Cincinnati 27 '•!
Lundgren, Chicago 23 47 2
I »er, Pittsburg 3* 81
McCarthy, Cln.-Pltt».-Bos 17 41 I
Boultes, Boston 17
Flaherty, Boston 31 86 8
l'i-. le, St. Loots 20 36 2
I. ul Cincinnati U
Hlgglnbntham, St. Louis 18 2* 8
Orerall, Chlcag 37 70 3
INDIVIDUAL batting (Continued).
Name and Club. ,:. ah. r. h. TB.2B.ZB.HB.SB.8B. PC.
,lu »; Brooklyn 28 62 4 g ,„ „ , „ .. „ m
Becbe. St. I is ■«, H 7901030 ;?
Brain Cine atl-New Vorlc.... r. 72 6 9 9 ? ? us
Eraser, Chicago 26 00 3 fi 7 1 o - 1 !™
ffiSg™- ,&£»*» S '" « » " ;; ;:
I HI'MCl, ( 111* .llT'l , 33 7Q n n 1 ft /1 . . , .
I?«n, Philadelphia ::::: '2 s 5 5 S } J 1 ; :
SSX z A, p cSf ta n n!tr::::::::::: ;;:;!!;;:
B^ft^ ■::::::::::: § B : j
m" Hrkev V v"l " r ' 41 2 2 2 10 .019
Malarkej, Hen York 15 6 1 .000
.. , _ CLLB BATTING.
Nam.- ami Club. c,. AB. It. II. TB. *B. SB. HE. SH. SB. PO.
,•,','"',? " rk l r '7 M06 86] 1339 1667 182 43 20 250 181
\! , t' W M« MS 1867 1688 1M H U WO 811 .249
■ Ml 1 ?""> • ' ■'■ Ml
V'.V „ ' a ' ISM IBM 184 68 11 2K! MM .244
ShSl™.« ,: '" s WM l»7 48 17 194 134 .239
iiiHinnatl lis 4879 488 14 814 198 .227
',,'• i',"" 1 * L«4 87 IT 184 LEO .223
' MJ " 164 4897 871 1044 1868 110 80 88 168 (18 213
bar? !,V.'-"v '",'''"'"'''., '"!"."■, N "" S"*- **: Cincinnati. 47; Chicago,
■rt.. 'i . ""• , : ""^"'"n.l.i". 88; Bt Louis, 88; I!. klv, ,
DonHn mfj^v*, " y , '"'.'" S '""' N«» York. 13;
uonlln, New \,,rk, 10; Tinker, I
NameandOIab. Q.PO. A. B. TC.PC. Name and Clnb. O. PO. A. B. TC.PC.
s.'!. 1 ,;, 'ii; H 2 'i 7 ° *" 100 ° Bransneld, Ph. 148 14TS hj 22 1588 .988
t'i ill ■•' A'
vr','- fman, Ch., 27 357 20 11 ::
Koieteh^Sl , ,' M l7 '' ' ''•• >■■> 1«« B 8 1
ivoneuny, h.L. 164 088
844 470 88 SM .969 Qllbert S I.
268 423 22 718
I 71? 987 Doyle N V
58 246 15 419 .964 Zlmmerman.Ch.
105 127 9 241 .90?. Charles, S I.
237 361 I llensog. N.V.',
302 406 80 i c an ci .
61 no n
197 271 ;:,
■ mlflr Bo
222 2r,4 84
74 110 13
11 18 7
f.i 12:> i>;
35 47 111
171 277 54
121 1M 88
35 45 8
INI II VI III A I. I 'IELDING— (Continued).
Name and Club. G PO. 4. B. TC.PC. Name and Clab. 8.
\\ agncr, l'l.,
311 570 3U
281 r.f.3 13
227 352 :i,',
268 119 IE
17 7.', s
■ ■ . '
I'd. A. B, IT. PC.
ill 81 12 mi .1121
. 9 . IS hit .him
;.2 86 2" 158 s72.
31 69 1(1 llli
Ml 171 II
30 42 13
Donlln, N.J ..
Shannon, N1 PL H
84 I I Hagee, Ph.,
ii 27 1' Paakert, CI.,
mi .i's" Slagle, ih..
'■77 Sheekard, Cb.,
Bati -. Bo
271. IB |
171 10 7
201 12 iii
Thomaa.Ph.-Pl. 107 2s2
Howard, ' ii..
llr. Mill,. N.TI ..
Barry, si.. NY.
146 312 11 12
30 7,2 1 2 65 .964
Hofraan, Cb .
Mill J. Hi-.,
l-a i ert, CI..
s,-\ in. .in-, N.Y.
17 23 5 SS I'"" I'.iir.-li. llr..
127 197 : ' Vn I. mill. v. 111'..
r.i 77 '.i 3 89 '»:''• Shannon. NY
119 215 22 9 ■ il ■■ II. -r. PI..
79 IIS I" 5 i: .Mi-. 11,,..
US iss is 9 ' irray, S.L.
,12 3 70 .97,7 Shaw. S.l .,
27 7,7 !(•
116 17,7 13 8 1.
1. 21 IS 12 14
22 tt I. 2 10
109 1S6 16 12 I)
91 II li ir
I II 9U2
Hum and dob, O. PO. k,
nils* si. Looia U KM
klyn ... 99
Breanaban, New York 139
Chic IK» ■■■ H7
Jacklltich, Philadelphia, . SO
Secilhani, No i York 47
i. 1'lttnhurg IM
I- Moral Chicago
McLean, Cincinnati 69
S.-hl.-l. Cincinnati "•
l.udwlg, Si. Lonla
Hnetetter. St, Loul II
Club. G. PO. A. E TC PB. PC,
158 1292 2031 205 6548 12 .MO
Pittsburg 155 4201 1907 288 6334 8 .954
Phils., ir>."i 4151 2071 238 34M It .968
New V.irk, 157 1220 -joso 25o li.v.i; 22 .91:2
Club. Q, PO A. E.TC PB PC
Boston, 158 4167 2225 253 6835 10 962
Brooklyn 151 4"75 2044 -jit 6886 13 .963
Cincinnati, 155 4088 !9ls 255 6258 HI .'.(59
St. Louis. 154 4039 2059 348 8446 24 .946
Record "f those who pitched In fifteen ot more games, arranged
lug to percentage .,r rietories:
, „, Field, ii. n. St. w. e. T. Sh.
Name and Club. G.PO. A. 10. Tr. PC is. is. o. ]•. i. q, <, \y
Renlbach, Chicago .. 16 15 77 7 88 .928 12 106 133 5 1 1 6 24
Uathewson, \. \. ....,; rim 2 170 .988 3 42 258 3 3 1 12 37
Brown, Chicago .... 11 38 73 108 l.OOO 5 49 122 6 5 S 29
Maddox, Pittsburg... 86 8 77 3 88 .966 11 no 70 4 2 4 23
Leever, Pittsburg.... 38 8 44 2 54 .968 8 II 28 8 2 4 15
Willis, Pittsburg.... 11 11 S7 1 99 .990 6 89 97 4 3 1 7 23
Camnitz, Pittsburg... 38 7 84 8 77 .922 5 69 118 2 1 3 16
Ames, .Now York IS 5 32 3 40 .92", 1 27 SI 2 7
McCarthy, Ci.-Pg.-Bo. 17 1 36 1 11 .976 1 27 31 1 2 7
Wilis,., New York... 11 2:. 89 2 116 .9S3 9 73 11s 4 4 1 7 23
Taylor, New York... 27 s 3.1 4 47 .915 4 31 50 4 1 1 s
MeGinnity, N, Y ... 37 ill 50 5 85 .928 7 II 55 3 6 11
Spado. Cincinnati ... 35 1 '.7 1; 1:7 .910 5 s.j 71 1 3 3 17
Corrldon, Phils 27 13 7s 8 88 .943 6 48 50 I 1 8 2 11
Overall, Chicago .... 37 13 51 6 69 .92s 2 78 i«7 6 2 1 4 ID
McQuillan, Pliil.i. ... 18 14 98 1 116 848 6 91 114 5 3 7 31
Prascr, Chicago 88 11 61 1 76 ,987 8 61 66 7 I 11
Pfiester, Chicago .... 38 13 58 2 71 .972 11 70 117 r, 1 :: g u
Welmer, Cincinnati.. 15 7 37 44 1.000 6 50 36 2 2 8
Evting, Cincinnati.... 37 11 61 8 83 864 5 67 96 7 3 1 4 17
LelSeld, Pittsburg... 34 8 62 5 7:; .939 12 B4 -7 :: :: 11 5 15
Philadelphia. 33 15 65 6 86 .930 8 51 85 4 2 16
Crandall, New STork. 22 15 51 1 88 885 8 59 77 2 8 12
•11. Boston ... 27 9 16 8 80 .900 8 si 98 8 1
Foxen, Philadelphia 22 9 51 3 63 .952 8 61 52 s t 2 7
Campbell, Cincinnati. 35 10 s; 7 104 831 10 44 72 2102 12
Rucker, Brooklyn.. . 42 13 107 1 124 868 19 116 198 S 1 8 17
Moren, Philadelphia.. 28 I 81 2 49 72 8 0048
IMibuc. ciiiciuunii .. Hi ; ■_•■, 2 10015
Undainan, Boston II 8 68 2 79 .575 10 70 68 7 3 1 2 II
" dlo-lin. Bl klyn... 42 17 109 6 112 ,956 6 83 99 5 3 6 16
Richie, Philadelphia. 25 7 1 ,1 it -3311 7
Flaherty, Boston ... 31 20 jj 81 S 11 1 12
. xoung, Bo.-Pg.... 32 10 12 7 r,9 ,881 7 10 61 3 2 8
11 1 11 .971; 56 88 4 1 1 6
• 15 72 7 I ij M 8 5 3 11
Raymond, St. U>ui« II 1210s 8 128 .938 14 95 145 9 3 5 15
Boultes, Boston .... 17 7 17 24 1.000 1 8 28 1 3
Coakley, CL-Ch 36 8 56 4 68 .941 4 70 68 1 2 6 10
Mclntlre, Brooklyn.. 40 6 74 4 '1 „ 1 4 11
St. Louis.... 22 10 ;:■; 14 110 14
oorner, Boston 38 8 77 ; 41 2 1 3 3
geebc, St. Louis.. , 4 66 72 5
J'';'.""""-. 8t ; tjooto-. -" 180 o 2 5
, ; "• , • '-"'" s • 1 '■■'■ •■•" ■■ -■■■ ■■■■ 8101 3
Hlgginbotham, St. 1. It 2 ■. 71013
:''"; Ll ;l , v ," ,' -•' 2 61 1 94 .981 2 45 63 4 2 4
os Brooklyn. 2s ,1 86 1 71 871 7 74 9 2 4
\ ■ l.rt '• v ">' s ■ "'' ' '' ' 2 17 23 1
Malarkey, Now STork 15 1 9 1 11 2,09 1 10 12 1
iimiM, 1 ' 1 ', °SSS~ yrl } t S ,,f N " u v " lk vs - PhUaoelphla, July 1, a.
. Rucker 01 Brooklyn n. Boston, September 5.
>L»JNG| acce-pt no
? Wfe> /
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A.'G. SPALDING & BROS. Yf^f
in any of the following cities will receive attention L
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Seattle | Mlmtapalls
/'rice* \n effect January 5. 1W». Subject to change withuut iwtw
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Adopted by the National League in 1878 and
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SPALDING OFFICIAL NATIONAL LEAGUE JUNIOR
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rendering itdoublysecu re against
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Spalding King 0! the Diamond
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horsehido cover. . , Each, 25c.
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GUARANTEES •.oWl)! ACCEPT NO
^ QUALITY \^#7 SUBSTITUTE C
Uniforms Are Best
BECAUSE we posmm a perfect tac-
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Clothing, accumulating during that
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which knowledge, together with all
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benefit of in every Spalding Uniform
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ot Shirt. Pants, Cap, Belt and Stockings.
The Spalding Uniform No. 0— Highest Grade Made
Workmanship and material very highest quality throughout. Colors: Red
Stripe, Green Stripe, Navy Blue Check, White, Blue Gray. Brown Gray,
Dark Gray, Black, Green. Maroon, Navy Blue, Brown and Cardinal.
The Spalding Uniform No. 0. . . Complete. $15.00 <t12')0
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Stripe, Navy Blue Check, White, Blue Gray, Brown Gray, Dark Cray,
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The University Uniform No. 1. . . Complete. $12.50 Sill 11(1
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One of our most popular suits, and will give the best of satisfaction.
Can usually be worn two seasons. Colors : White, Blue Gray. Brown Cray,
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The Interscholastic Uniform No. 2. . Complete, $9.00 $7 Cft
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The Minor League Uniform No. M. . Complete, $9.00 «7 CA
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Finished like our best quality uniforms. Colors: Brown Check. White
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on front. The
in a na hi p
In ordering state color of material
and trimming desired. Ban
and colors of ma-
tt] o measurement blanks
furnished on application. Noextra
chance for diamond and one felt
Size of dia-
mond not over 6'A inches.
To clubs purchasingwith uniforms
amine or more coate at one time.
Each. S'J.50. S'J.QU. $7.50, f5.no
Separate Shirts and Pants
Furnished at regular list
prices with either button
or lace front, lettered on
front with name of club
-i No. Gquality) and
with detachable sleeves.
Different color collar and
no extra charge (ex-
cept N os. 5 and equalities)
No. The Spalding. .
No. 1 University . .
No. 2 Inlerseholaslic ,
No. 3 Club Special . .
No. 1 Amateur Special
No. 5 Junior ....
No. The. Spalding. .
No. 1 University . .
No. 2 [nterscholastic .
No. :i Club Special . .
No. A Amateur Special
No. 5 Junior ....
»<•» York ! Boston
Communications addressed to
A. G. SPALDING & BROS.
in any of the following cities Ittentf'
Tor Ittrogt number* »«■<-■ in.irio front cover of tlii. hook